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Utilisation de copolymères à blocs dans les cellules solaires organiques : morphologie, transport de charges et conversion photovoltaïque

Abstract : Polymer/fullerene bulk heterojunction (BHJ) solar cells use an interpenetrating network of TT-conjugated electron-donor polymers and electron-acceptor C60 as photo-active layer. Currently, the most investigated blends are constituted of regioregular poly(3-hexylthiophene) (rr-P3HT) and [6,6]-phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM). The nanostructured active layer determines to great extend the overall performance of the devices.First of all, we introduced rod-coil block copolymers as compatibilizer into P3HT:PCBM blends and investigate their influence on the blend morphology and the related photovoltaic performance. Two P3HT-based block copolymer families have been studied. The first one has a C60-grafted polybutylacrylate coil block and the second one is based on poly(4-vinylpyridine) (P4VP) coil block. The film morphology and device efficiencies are investigated as a function of copolymer content, P3HT/PCBM mass ratio and coil nature.A second possible route to obtain a stable donor/acceptor nanostructure consists of using semiconductor block copolymers as photoactive layer, since these materials are able to self-assemble into donor/acceptor BHJ by microphase separation. We explored P3HT-P4VP rod-coil block copolymers blended with PCBM in view of their utilization in photovoltaic devices. The copolymer selfassembles into nano-domains rich in either P3HT or P4VP, while the strong chemical affinity of P4VP with PCBM leads to an accumulation of the latter in the P4VP domains, providing them an acceptorcharacter. It is found that organized and thermally stable thin films, that exhibit ambipolar field effect mobilities, can be achieved for a specific rod/coil ratio.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, October 24, 2012 - 12:02:10 PM
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Véronique Gernigon. Utilisation de copolymères à blocs dans les cellules solaires organiques : morphologie, transport de charges et conversion photovoltaïque. Micro et nanotechnologies/Microélectronique. Université de Strasbourg, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012STRAD004⟩. ⟨tel-00744967⟩

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