Parcours de chercheurs. De la pratique de recherche à un discours sur la science : quel rapport identitaire et culturel aux sciences ?

Abstract : What does it mean to be a scientific? How and when do we become a scientist? To what extent may we talk about identical and cultural relations to sciences? How does research practice experience play a role in the construction or in the crisis of this relation to sciences? The identity and cultural relations to sciences, as it is defined in this thesis, is expressed in discourses at least at three different levels.First, the construction of an identity and cultural relation to sciences from personal experience can be comprehended throught the inventory of daily communication practices. These practices form a mental space of research, in which science representations and self representations are structured.Secondly, research interviews allowed the construction of a discourse from a distance and resulting from the personal experience. In this discourse, the interviewed researcher take a stand on his own practice and experience. He/she employs more particularly norms and values in his discourse about his/her research practice and about him/her-self. These norms and values, as discursive resources, are contribuing to the expression and the realisation of the identical and cultural relation to sciences, at the moment of the interview.Finally, a third level is distinguished to define the identical and cultural relation to sciences, in the communication situation maked up by the interview. The interviewee is constructing a situated and contextualized discourse in which career, practice and self representation are connected and adjusted, in relation with the interviewer.Reflexivity is at the same time my research topic, a concept, practices and actions and also criterion of scientific accuracy. Reflexivity is fundamental in this work and pivotal in my researcher approach.
Complete list of metadatas

Cited literature [143 references]  Display  Hide  Download

https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00744210
Contributor : Abes Star <>
Submitted on : Monday, October 22, 2012 - 3:07:18 PM
Last modification on : Friday, March 22, 2019 - 11:34:08 AM
Long-term archiving on : Wednesday, January 23, 2013 - 3:38:28 AM

File

FAURY_Melodie_2012_These.pdf
Version validated by the jury (STAR)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : tel-00744210, version 1

Citation

Mélodie Faury. Parcours de chercheurs. De la pratique de recherche à un discours sur la science : quel rapport identitaire et culturel aux sciences ?. Sciences de l'information et de la communication. Ecole normale supérieure de lyon - ENS LYON, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012ENSL0738⟩. ⟨tel-00744210⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

3936

Files downloads

6410