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Mythes fondateurs, mythes reconstructeurs : étude de Don Quichotte, Don Juan et La Célestine chez Azorín (1873-1967), Miguel de UNAMUNO (1864-1936) et Ramiro de MAEZTU (1874-1936)

Abstract : In the centre of this thesis, there are three writers who belong to a Spanish literary group, better known to the word as “Generation of 1898” : Miguel de Unamuno, Azorín and Ramiro de Maeztu. Although this group is not homogeneous, these engaged writers, who are originally journalists, had a common and unique objective: regenerating Spain, that was devastated by the loss of its colonies due to its leader's apathy and lethargy. The desire was archives through various literary experiences that led each of the three writers to carry on his own quest. Each of them dealt with different existential questions such as the one of “eternal return”, “immortality” or the “futility of life”: it was in the three mythic figures of Spanish literature: don Quixote, don Juan and Celestina that their concerns were reflected. By reviving them, the three writers were giving these figures new dimensions. In truth, the writers considered this reinterpretation as a sanctification. Yet, the mythical figures that they valued sometimes and criticized some other times, played other, more prominent and pragmatic roles. They had equally a move immediate function. In fact, everything in their writings tended to awaken in Spanish people a sense of patriotism, impregnated with the “quixotic” philosophy. A philosophy that preserved an accurate and clear awareness.
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Bedis Ben Ezzedine Ben Ezzedine Zitouna. Mythes fondateurs, mythes reconstructeurs : étude de Don Quichotte, Don Juan et La Célestine chez Azorín (1873-1967), Miguel de UNAMUNO (1864-1936) et Ramiro de MAEZTU (1874-1936). Littératures. Université de la Sorbonne nouvelle - Paris III, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011PA030005⟩. ⟨tel-00743958⟩

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