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Définition analytique des surfaces de denture et comportement sous charge des engrenages spiro-coniques

Abstract : The design of spiral bevel gears is still very complex nowadays because the tooth geometry, and thus the kinematic performance, come from the manufacturing process of this type of gear. The cutting is related to two major manufacturers: Gleason and Klingelnberg. Many machine settings drive directly the shape of teeth surfaces, their optimization is therefore not intuitive. Due to the progress made during the last decade by the CNC machines and the CAM (Computer Aided Manufacturing) softwares, it becomes possible to manufacture spiral bevel gears of quite correct quality on a 5-axis milling machine. A numerical model was developed in order to generate a simplified type Gleason geometry. This last was then manufactured with a 5-axis milling machine. A metrological study, comparing the teeth obtained with the CAD models, was then carried out to prove that the manufacturing by 5-axis milling machine can be an alternative to conventional cutting methods. New types of geometry can be then proposed, which could not be considered by the conventional methods of manufacturing. Geometry based on the theory of spherical involutes, combined with a logarithmic spiral was developed and then manufatured. In addition, profile and crowning modifications can be defined to avoid the tooth edge contacts. This type of analytical geometry offers simpler possibilities for optimizing the meshing. The surface optimization can be achieved using the quasi-static meshing model under load developed in the context of this thesis. The surroundings of the gear are taken into account in the simulation: deformation of the shafts, of the gears and their supports (rims for example) as well as the local contact deformations. The influence coefficient method is used to solve the load sharing between all the teeth instantaneously in contact. An original method, using only one finite element computation and the definition of a set of functions, can quickly calculate the teeth bending, taking into account their surroundings. The contact deformations are obtained with an analytical method, based on Boussinesq theories. In addition, meshing defects can be integrated between the spiral beval pinion and gear. To validate the numerical model, a test bench was achieved, allowing the measurement of the loaded transmission error and the visualization of the contact patterns. The test bench is integrated inside a numerical 3-axis milling machine: the pinion is mounted in the spindle of the milling machine, when the base of the bench is clamped on its plate. Thus, assembly errors can be imposed easily and accurately.
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Submitted on : Friday, October 19, 2012 - 2:27:12 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, September 17, 2020 - 3:14:57 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00743561, version 1


Joël Teixeira Alves. Définition analytique des surfaces de denture et comportement sous charge des engrenages spiro-coniques. Autre. INSA de Lyon, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012ISAL0045⟩. ⟨tel-00743561⟩



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