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Tunnels en milieu urbain : Prévisions des tassements avec prise en compte des effets des pré-soutènements (renforcement du front de taille et voûte-parapluie)

Abstract : During the 80s, new technologies, based on face reinforcement systems, were developed in the field of tunnels excavation in complex soils. The following thesis is a further contribution to the analysis on the effects of two types of pre-reinforcements, tunnel face bolting and pipe umbrella, in the massif deformations and in the stress release value. The aim being to improve methodologies of surface settlements prevision for tunnels built through pre-reinforcement techniques, this study has been divided into two main steps. At first, deformations monitoring registered on site during the Toulon south tube excavation has been actively followed. Secondly, back analysis based on ob-servations collected on site has been elaborated using numerical modelling. The numerical simulations have been validated thanks to an important database obtained by deformations monitoring and by setting up two instrumental sections. Measures registered on site have shown that the deformation field caused by tunnel excavation is tridimensional. Furthermore, analysis on surface movement evolution has led to an analytical expression for surface settlements predictions, which has been used for tunnelling process adaptation. Afterwards, back analyses based on measures registered on site have been realised using bi-dimensional and tri-dimensional numerical simulations. The 2D approach stressed out the strong impact of the stress release value on numerical results. For this reason, a 3D model has been built and eventually used to study reinforcement systems influence on the ground mass reaction. Tunnel face bolting and tunnel invert position have shown to be of huge importance for the ground movements development. At the same time, bi-dimentional calculations have been made and results have been fitted on 3D calculation ones. This operation has permitted to find the stress release value corresponding to each pre-reinforcement configuration tested before. Finally, both 2D and 3D numerical approaches have been fitted on one area of Toulon tunnel and the satisfactory matching with measures taken on site has validated our simulations. In conclusion, one further analysis on results seems to show that stress release value is much more influenced by workflow steps and pre- reinforcement than by ground geomechanical characteristics.
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Submitted on : Thursday, October 18, 2012 - 5:57:18 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00743362, version 1

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Jean-Pierre Janin. Tunnels en milieu urbain : Prévisions des tassements avec prise en compte des effets des pré-soutènements (renforcement du front de taille et voûte-parapluie). Autre. INSA de Lyon, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012ISAL0038⟩. ⟨tel-00743362⟩

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