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Thermal stability of potential fuel cell core materials La2Mo2-yWyO9 (0 ≤ y ≤ 2.0) under air and reductive atmospheres, and in contact with a Sr containing cathode material

Abstract : La2Mo2-yWyO9 (y = 1.0 to 2.0) oxides were synthesized by conventional solid state route and studied by XRD, TC-XRD and DTA. A phase diagram of the series was proposed. The thermodynamically stable phases at room temperature are: for 1.0≤ y ≤1.2 a cubic β-La2Mo2O9 type solid solution, for 1.3≤ y ≤1.575 a biphasic mixture of β-La2Mo2O9 type + α-La2W2O9 type phases, and for 1.6≤ y ≤2.0 a triclinic α-La2W2O9 type solid solution. Inhomogeneous distribution of W is suspected in the biphasic samples. It is clear that the compounds above y =1.2 are not suitable for SOFC applications.Cationic diffusion studies were performed using SIMS on La2Mo2O9 (LMO)/La0.8Sr0.2MnO3-δ (LSM) annealed couples. Rod shaped LaMnO3 grains were observed on LMO pellet and SrMoO4 type phases were seen to be growing on LSM pellet. Hypotheses for possible reaction mechanisms are presented. Bulk diffusion coefficients of Sr and Mn in LMO and of Mo in LSM are extrapolated to be around 1x10-20 cm2.s-1 and 1x10-15 cm2.s-1, respectively, at 800oC. Similar diffusion studies were performed by depositing Mn and Sr cation rich solutions on LMO pellets and Mo rich solution on LSM pellet. Mn solution was observed to be forming, upon annealing, LaMnO3 single crystals on the surface of the LMO pellet. Mo in LSM and Sr in LMO diffusion coefficients appear to be much higher than in LMO/LSM couple experiments, namely around 1-2x10-10cm2.s-1 at 1150°C. Because of the reactivity, LMO/LSM couple is not desirable for SOFC applications, unless an appropriate buffer layer separates them.The stability of LMO and W-LMO was studied under reductive atmospheres. Successive structural changes from LMO to La7Mo7O30 (7730), an amorphous reduced phase La2Mo2O7-δ, and partial decomposition to metallic Mo were observed as a function of oxygen loss. The pO2 stability domain of La2Mo2-yWyO9 did not appear to change with W content, but the reduction kinetics varied with y. At reverse, the stability limit of the 7730 phase was found to be dependent on W content. The amorphous reduced phase can accommodate a wide range of oxygen stoichiometry (7-δ from 6.69 to 6.20), but its stability vs. pO2 is questioned. Resistivity measurements performed on a low compacity crack-free amorphous La2Mo2O7-δ sample showed significant increase in the conductivity (> 1 S.cm-1 at 1000 K) relative to La2Mo2O9, with a pseudo activation energy 0.255eV. It is postulated that n-type electronic conductivity arises from partial reduction of hexavalent Mo6+ to a mixture of Mo3+ and Mo4+.
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Uday Krishna Ravella. Thermal stability of potential fuel cell core materials La2Mo2-yWyO9 (0 ≤ y ≤ 2.0) under air and reductive atmospheres, and in contact with a Sr containing cathode material. Other. Université du Maine, 2012. English. ⟨NNT : 2012LEMA1009⟩. ⟨tel-00743197⟩

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