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La construction des identités du Musée national de l’histoire et des cultures de l’immigration : vers un nouveau modèle muséal ?

Abstract : On 10th October 2007, France's first museum of immigration finally opens its doors after many years of lobbying by various organisations and academics and the rising awareness of public authorities. The new institution named Musée national de l’histoire et des cultures de l’immigration enjoys the legal status of national museum. It fits into an organizational structure which transcends the usual concept of a museum, the Cité nationale de l’histoire de l’immigration, a multidisciplinary quango in the quadriple guardianship of the ministries of Culture, Education, research and Integration.The purpose of our thesis is to determine the media construction of identities of the National Museum of History and Cultures of Immigration. Based on the approach that considers the museum as a space of symbolic communication (Davallon, Schiele, Lamizet, Dufrene, Regourd), it exposes as epistemological prerequisites two concepts of humanities, the social identity as constructed (Claude Levi-Strauss) and the narrative identity (Ricoeur). Then, it also refers to museology (museum models) and cultural mediation (mediation devices and public space) as main concepts.Our analysis continues with a study of the superposition of mediations according to the different temporalities of the museum, the imagined museum (stories of utopia through the preparatory documents), the completed museum (architectural mediation, museography and website). This brings us to the query of conflicting mediations inside the museum between colonial and republican narratives, historical, artistic and anthropological narratives, historical and memorial stories, narrative of unity of the nation and account of diversity of the heritage of migrants.The finding of an enunciative polyphony and the a plurality of identities of the National Museum of History and Cultures of Immigration leads us in turn to consider how the republican discourse deals with memories and how a new museum model emerges. Do we see the beginnings of a museum of social innovation from the museum structure/network? How far does the reflection on cultural diversity and multiculturalism that crosses the contemporary public space, affects the museum in the age of globalization? Can we speak of the emergence of a hybrid museum prototype between republican museum and neighbourhood museum, universalism and communitarianism?
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Muriel Flicoteaux. La construction des identités du Musée national de l’histoire et des cultures de l’immigration : vers un nouveau modèle muséal ?. Héritage culturel et muséologie. Université d'Avignon, 2010. Français. ⟨NNT : 2010AVIG1098⟩. ⟨tel-00743083⟩

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