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Méthodes numériques pour les systèmes dynamiques non linéaires. Application aux instruments de musique auto-oscillants

Abstract : Periodic solutions of nonlinear dynamical systems are the focus of this work. We compute periodic solutions through a BVP formulation, solved with two numerical methods: - a spectral method, in the frequency domain: the hogh-order Harmonic Balance Method, using a quadratic formulation of the original equations. We also propose an extension to nonrational nonlinearities. - a pseudo-spectral method, in the time domain : the arthogonal collocation at Gauss point, with piece-wise polynomial interpolation. Both methods lead to a system of nonlinear algebraic equations, and its solutions are computed by a continuation algorithm : the Asymptotic Numerical Method. These methods are embeded in the numerical package MANLAB, together with a linear stability analysis. Application We then apply these methods to physical models of several instruments : a clarinet, a saxophone, and a violin. The clarinet model contains a non-smooth contact between the reed and the mouthpiece. The study focuses on the evolution of frequency, loudness, and spectrum along the branch of periodic solutions when varying the mouth pressure. The saxophone model is very similar, but an experimental characterization of the bore is used in that case. Finally, the violin model with a non-smooth Coulomb contact law and a simplified resonator is studied, showing the variety of models that can be treated using this method.
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Contributor : Sami Karkar Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, October 16, 2012 - 5:35:34 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, October 19, 2021 - 10:59:09 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, January 17, 2013 - 11:50:30 AM


  • HAL Id : tel-00742651, version 1


Sami Karkar. Méthodes numériques pour les systèmes dynamiques non linéaires. Application aux instruments de musique auto-oscillants. Acoustique [physics.class-ph]. Aix-Marseille Université, 2012. Français. ⟨tel-00742651⟩



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