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Détection d'objets stationnaires par une paire de caméras PTZ

Abstract : Video analysis for video surveillance needs a good resolution in order to analyse video streams with a maximum of robustness. In the context of stationary object detection in wide areas a good compromise between a limited number of cameras and a high coverage of the area is hard to achieve. Here we use a pair of Pan-Tilt-Zoom (PTZ) cameras whose parameter (pan, tilt and zoom) can change. The cameras go through a predefined set of parameters chosen such that the entire scene is covered at an adapted resolution. For each triplet of parameters a camera can be assimilated to a stationary camera with a very low frame-rate and is referred to as a view. First each view is considered independently. A background subtraction algorithm, robust to changes in illumination and based on a grid of SURF descriptors, is proposed in order to separate background from foreground. Then the detection and segmentation of stationary objects is done by reidentifying foreground descriptor to a foreground model. Then in order to filter out false alarms and to localise the objects in the3D world, the detected stationary silhouettes are matched between the two cameras. To remain robust to segmentation errors, instead of matched a silhouette to another, groups of silhouettes from the two cameras and mutually explaining each other are matched. Each of the groups then correspond to a stationary object. Finally the triangulation of the top and bottom points of the silhouettes gives an estimation of the position and size of the object.
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Constant Guillot. Détection d'objets stationnaires par une paire de caméras PTZ. Autre. Université Blaise Pascal - Clermont-Ferrand II, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012CLF22219⟩. ⟨tel-00741979⟩

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