Génomique et post-génomique du parasite intestinal Blastocystis sp. sous-type 7. Evaluation de son pouvoir pathogène

Abstract : Blastocystis spp. is a highly prevalent anaerobic Stramenopile parasite found in the intestinal tract of humans and various animals. This parasite is associated with non specific intestinal disorders, and could be involved in functional disorders such as the irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). In this work, the Blastocystis sp. ST7 genome sequencing project was carried out in collaboration with the Génoscope of Evry, the National University of Singapore, the Pasteur Institute of Lille and the University of Provence. This genome consists in a nuclear genome of 18,8 Mpb encoding 6020 genes, and a mitochondria‐like genome of 29 kpb localised in the mitochondrion‐like organelles. The analysis of this genome brings information about the evolution of this micro‐organism, its adaptation to the intestinal environment and its potential virulence factors. Blastocystis sp. ST7 was predicted to harbor several genes coding proteins that could act at the parasite‐host interface, and that are known to be involved in the pathogeny of many protozoa. They are PKS, NRPS, and hydrolases among them proteases. In addition, proteolytic activities were highlighted in the parasite culture supernatants. Two cysteine proteases (a cathepsin B and a legumain) were identified and characterized from the supernatants and could play a role in the physiopathology of the parasite, that confirm our in silico analyses. This work opens new ways to evaluate the impact of this parasite in human health.
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Ivan Wawrzyniak. Génomique et post-génomique du parasite intestinal Blastocystis sp. sous-type 7. Evaluation de son pouvoir pathogène. Sciences agricoles. Université Blaise Pascal - Clermont-Ferrand II, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012CLF22243⟩. ⟨tel-00741967⟩

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