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A gendered approach to labour mobility : migration and social norms. Evidence from Romania

Abstract : This PhD dissertation studies the relationship between women's labour mobility and especially temporary labour migration abroad and social norms at the level of the home community. The theoretical framework developed in chapters two and three is applied in the two following chapters to the mobility of Romanian women. The first chapter presents Romania's economical and social evolution since the fall of communism with a special focus on both external and internal mobility. The second chapter explains the migration decision in a unitary household model accounting for social norms. In the next chapter the restrictive hypotheses of the unitary model are released and the migration decision of spouses is taken in a collective household model. The hypotheses issued in chapters two and three are partially tested in chapter four which analyses the simultaneous migration decision of spouses by employing a bivariate probit model. The last chapter of the dissertation is a comparison of women's possible labour market strategies considering household labour as an alternative to labour market strategies. Our empirical results prove the existence of important differences between the migration determinants of men and of women. Furthermore, our results show important differences between the determinants of women's mobility on the internal labour market and those of temporary labour migration abroad.
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Raluca Prelipceanu. A gendered approach to labour mobility : migration and social norms. Evidence from Romania. Economics and Finance. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I, 2011. English. ⟨tel-00739076⟩

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