La culture au service de la diplomatie? Les politiques culturelles extérieures de la RFA et de la France au Brésil (1961-1973)

Abstract : This doctoral thesis draws a parallel between the cultural diplomacies of the Federal Republic of Germany and France from 1961 to 1973 in Brazil. It first deals with the connection between cultural exchanges and the great issues of the international relations of that time, which were marked by the Cold War, the antagonism between East and West Germany as well as the process of decolonization and the Algerian War. The cultural diplomacies of the Federal Republic and France were also involved in bilateral relationship with Brazil, at a time when the three countries all experienced an " economic miracle" (known as the Glorious Thirty in France). In this context, both Germany and France used culture as a way to boost bilateral economic relationship, even if they did so through different means. In addition, the action of the cultural institutes was submitted to a paradigm change : the notion of reciprocity became paramount in the cultural exchanges, as the European sociocultural context in the late 1960s was characterized by third-worldism and student protests. Moreover, in the Brazilian military dictatorship, this use of culture by French and German diplomacies was deeply questioned, especially by the directors of Goethe Institutes who wanted to draw some lessons from Nazi Germany. This study examines the link between culture and diplomacy that marked the guidelines of the cultural policies, but also the differences that lay between the French and the German ways of dealing with it.
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Elise Lanoe. La culture au service de la diplomatie? Les politiques culturelles extérieures de la RFA et de la France au Brésil (1961-1973). Histoire. Université Charles de Gaulle - Lille III, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012LIL30001⟩. ⟨tel-00738382⟩

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