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Etude du déclenchement de combustion de mélanges air-propane et air-heptane par décharge mono-impulsionnelle nanoseconde

Abstract : One growing topic of interest in the field of non-thermal plasmas is the use of pulsed corona discharges for ignition purposes and more specifically the use of discharges generated under very strong overvoltages for car atmospheric engine applications. Because of strong environmental constraints on car exhaust gases, engines to be developed in the future have to run with lean air / gasoline mixtures or diluted with burnt gases. In both cases, it needs the optimization of ignition devices since classical spark gaps become inefficient in these conditions. In this context, the generation of non-equilibrium plasmas on large volumes, with high densities of active species, and the ability to induce fast gas heating is challenging. Our experimental work is dedicated to the understanding of physical mechanisms involved in the ignition of lean mixtures of air and hydrocarbons such as propane and n-heptane, at high pressure, using nanosecond range discharges. Such kind of discharges could improve the energy release in the mixtures, promoting the creation of radicals and excited species instead of direct heat through Joule effect, and thus, it could improve the ignition efficiency. A positive high voltage (50 kV) is applied between a pin electrode and a grounded plane over a short nanosecond range pulse (12 ns) with a steep rise time (2 ns). In this study, the discharge has been characterised in air/propane and air-heptane mixtures. The diffuse regime observed in pure air tends to disappear in mixtures containing few percents of propane or heptane. The experimental results show the ability of the single nanosecond pulsed discharge to ignite air-propane and air-heptane mixtures even at low equivalence ratios. It is strongly correlated to the energy density the discharge is able to release into the gas. Finally, it has been shown that for stoechiometric mixtures show that three different modes of ignition are possible, i.e. a single point, a double point or a cylindrical mode, according to the energy density. Combustion delays are strongly reduced and complete combustion of very lean mixtures can be achieved if the amount of energy is slightly increased.
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Sabrina Bentaleb. Etude du déclenchement de combustion de mélanges air-propane et air-heptane par décharge mono-impulsionnelle nanoseconde. Autre [cond-mat.other]. Université Paris Sud - Paris XI, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012PA112123⟩. ⟨tel-00737498⟩

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