Étude des évolutions microstructurales à haute température en fonction des teneurs initiales en Y, Ti et O et, de leur incidence sur les hétérogénéités de déformation dans les aciers ODS Fe-14Cr1W

Abstract : This PhD work focused on the study of Fe-14%Cr alloys nanoreinforced by oxide dispersion obtained by high energy milling from pre-alloyed powders of the matrix and Y2O3.The main objectives were: (i) the study of the precipitation kinetics of oxides, in particular the coarsening, according to the content of added elements (Ti, Y, O) after consolidation and after heat treatments at high temperature. (ii) The elastoplastic and elastic deformations heterogeneities analyze in these alloys, depending on the progress of the precipitation. Microstructure and nanostructure were studied by Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) and Small angles neutron scattering (SANS).All of these techniques allowed identifying different behaviors depending on the added element contents. In particular, the addition of titanium induced a marked deceleration of oxide coarsening in contrast to those samples added oxygen and yttrium. These variations of initial contents have an influence on the form, the crystallographic structure of the particles, the orientation relationships with the matrix and consequently, the precipitation kinetics. Therefore, ensuring the ratio Ti/Y greater than 1 and, limiting the oxygen can guarantee the stability of the nanoparticles at high temperatures in the ODS alloys. The recrystallization phenomenon was also observed at high temperature in the materials of which the oxides coarsening is fast. In order to correlate the evolution of microstructure with the mechanical properties, a macroscopic model of hardening was then carried out by distinguishing the different contributions (nanoparticles, grain size and dislocations). The hardening calculated from experimental observations, is in good agreement with measured values. These calculations demonstrate the high influence of particle size on the hardness of materials. Finally, a detailed study of deformation heterogeneities of the grains according to their crystallographic orientation was carried out by neutron diffraction. These results were compared to a mean field micromechanics calculation. This last part has shown the existence of different local behaviors for materials presenting similar macroscopic behavior.
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Sheng-Yi Zhong. Étude des évolutions microstructurales à haute température en fonction des teneurs initiales en Y, Ti et O et, de leur incidence sur les hétérogénéités de déformation dans les aciers ODS Fe-14Cr1W. Autre. Université Paris Sud - Paris XI, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012PA112122⟩. ⟨tel-00737497⟩

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