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Vibroacoustic modelling of aircraft double-walls with structural links using Statistical Energy Analysis (SEA)

Abstract : The prediction of aircraft interior noise involves the vibroacoustic modelling of the fuselage with noise control treatments. This structure is composed of a stiffened metallic or composite panel, lined with a thermal and acoustic insulation layer (glass wool), and structurally connected via vibration isolators to a commercial lining panel (trim). The goal of this work aims at tailoring the noise control treatments taking design constraints such as weight and space optimization into account. For this purpose, a representative aircraft double-wall is modelled using the Statistical Energy Analysis (SEA) method. Laboratory excitations such as diffuse acoustic field and point force are addressed and trends are derived for applications under in-flight conditions, considering turbulent boundary layer excitation. The effect of the porous layer compression is firstly addressed. In aeronautical applications, compression can result from the installation of equipment and cables. It is studied analytically and experimentally, using a single panel and a fibrous uniformly compressed over 100% of its surface. When compression increases, a degradation of the transmission loss up to 5 dB for a 50% compression of the porous thickness is observed mainly in the mid-frequency range (around 800 Hz). However, for realistic cases, the effect should be reduced since the compression rate is lower and compression occurs locally. Then the transmission through structural connections between panels is addressed using a four-pole approach that links the force-velocity pair at each side of the connection. The modelling integrates experimental dynamic stiffness of isolators, derived using an adapted test rig. The structural transmission is then experimentally validated and included in the double-wall SEA model as an equivalent coupling loss factor (CLF) between panels. The tested structures being flat, only axial transmission is addressed. Finally, the dominant sound transmission paths are identified in the 100 Hz to 10 kHz frequency range for double-walls under diffuse acoustic field and under point-force excitations. Non-resonant transmission is higher at low frequencies (frequencies lower than 1 kHz) while the structure-borne and the airborne paths dominate at mid- and high-frequencies, around 1 kHz and higher, respectively. An experimental validation on double-walls shows that the model is able to predict changes in the overall transmission caused by different structural couplings (rigid coupling, coupling via isolators and structurally uncoupled). Noise reduction means adapted to each transmission path, such as absorption, dissipation and structural decoupling, may be then derived.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00736619
Contributor : Bruno Campolina Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Friday, September 28, 2012 - 3:54:00 PM
Last modification on : Sunday, June 26, 2022 - 9:40:02 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Saturday, December 29, 2012 - 7:10:08 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-00736619, version 1

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Bruno Campolina. Vibroacoustic modelling of aircraft double-walls with structural links using Statistical Energy Analysis (SEA). Acoustics [physics.class-ph]. Université de Sherbrooke; Université Pierre et Marie Curie - Paris VI, 2012. English. ⟨NNT : ⟩. ⟨tel-00736619⟩

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