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To translate or to degrade? The role of INT6 in histone mRNA translation and Nonsense Mediated mRNA Decay

Abstract : Several observations show that the human protein INT6 has a tumour suppressor activity.It has been demonstrated that in humans the expression of the int6 gene is reduced in about 30% of non-small cell lung cancers and that this under-expression is linked with a bad prognosis. Yeast two hybrid screening experiments using INT6 as bait have led to the identication ofa protein named SLIP1 (SLBP Interacting Protein 1). An effect of SLIP1 on the translation of histone messenger RNAs has been shown. My work indicates that INT6 – through its interaction with SLIP1 – plays a role in the controlof the stability and translation of histone mRNAs. INT6 knockdown induces a reduction of the level of endogenous histones without affecting that of their mRNAs. My studies, by revealing a new histone translation mechanism in which INT6 plays a direct role, establish a connection between – on one side – the known functions of this protein in translation and its control and – on the other – the known oncogenic effects of its alteration. The study of the function of INT6 in human cells by RNA interference resulted in inhibition of the degradation of mRNAs containing a premature termination codon by the Nonsense Mediated mRNA Decay pathway (NMD). Since we identified the HTLV-1 protein Tax as an interactor of INT6, and since some features of HTLV-1 mRNAs suggest that they may be potential NMD targets, we have studied the effect of Tax on the NMD pathway.We have observed that Tax significantly stabilizes NMD targets.We have demonstrated that the interference of Tax with the NMD pathway is mediated through – first – the perturbation of the interaction between INT6 and the NMD factor UPF1 and – second – through direct interaction between Tax and phosphorylated UPF1.Through its effect on NMD, Tax may favor viral replication at a post-transcriptional level as well as enable cellular tolerance for some mutations resulting from the established mutagenic activity of Tax.
Keywords : INT6 NMD Histone Tax HTLV-1
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Submitted on : Thursday, September 27, 2012 - 6:17:17 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00736233, version 1

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Julia Neusiedler. To translate or to degrade? The role of INT6 in histone mRNA translation and Nonsense Mediated mRNA Decay. Molecular biology. Ecole normale supérieure de lyon - ENS LYON, 2011. English. ⟨NNT : 2011ENSL0685⟩. ⟨tel-00736233⟩

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