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Dependence models in risk theory

Abstract : Initially, it was supposed in risk theory that the random variables and other parameters of actuarial models were independent. Nowadays, this hypothesis is often relaxed to take into account possible interactions. In this thesis, we propose to introduce some dependence models for different aspects of risk theory. In a first part, we use copulas as dependence structure. We first tackle a problem of capital allocation based on the Tail-Value-at-Risk where the risks are supposed to be dependent according to a copula. We obtain explicit formulas for the capital to be allocated to the overall portfolio but also for the contribution of each risk when we use a Farlie-Gumbel-Morenstern copula. For the other copulas, we give an approximation method. In the second chapter, we consider the stochastic process of the discounted aggregate claims where the random variables for the claim amount and the time since the last claim are linked by a Farlie-Gumbel-Morgenstern copula. We show how to obtain exact expressions for the first two moments and for the moment of order m of the process. The third chapter assumes another type of dependence that is caused by an external environment. In the context of the study of the ruin probability for a reinsurance company, we use a Markovian environment to model the underwriting cycles. We suppose first deterministic cycle phase changes and then that these changes can also be influenced by the claim amounts. We use the erlangization method to obtain an approximation for the finite time ruin probability.
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Mathieu Bargès. Dependence models in risk theory. General Mathematics [math.GM]. Université Claude Bernard - Lyon I, 2010. English. ⟨NNT : 2010LYO10040⟩. ⟨tel-00736207⟩

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