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Elaboration et caractérisation des nanocomposites alumine-SiC

Abstract : The development of ceramic nanocomposites is needed in the news as one of the most promising ways to obtain ceramic materials with remarkable properties. However, this is a complicated way since the nanostructure materials and densification are usually contradictory. Indeed, the relatively high temperatures and long periods of time required to fully densify the ceramic nanocomposite materials produce the phenomenon of grain growth: in these conditions the phases present in the composite cease to be nanostructured. In this context, the use of new sintering techniques, such as "Spark Plasma Sintering" (SPS), may help to consolidate this type of material while maintaining a fine microstructure. This research has been devoted to developing micro-SiC nanocomposites alumine/5vol% using three sintering techniques: conventional or natural (FN), hot pressing ("Hot Dry" or HP) and mainly the sintering by "Spark Plasma Sintering." As a first step, the step of dispersing powders of alumina and SiC was optimized to prepare stable and homogeneous slurry and composite powders. Then, the best performances of the technique compared to other SPS sintering techniques have been demonstrated. Thus, the use of SPS sintering allows better control of the microstructure: high density, fine microstructure and localization of nanoparticles mainly intergranular position.
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  • HAL Id : tel-00735796, version 1

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Mira Jaafar. Elaboration et caractérisation des nanocomposites alumine-SiC. Autre. INSA de Lyon, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011ISAL0014⟩. ⟨tel-00735796⟩

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