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Theses

La philosophie de l'amour dans l'Espagne du XVe siècle

Abstract : THE RESEARCH ON THE THEORETICAL FOUNDATIONS OF THE DISCOURSE OF LOVE IN 15TH CENTURY SPAIN IMPLIES THREE DIFFERENT GROUNDS OF STUDY : SACRED LOVE, LOVE AMONG KIN, AND POLITICAL LOVE ; THE HORIZONTAL RELATIONS OF EQUALITY (FRIENDSHIP) AND HETEROGENE RELATIONS (INTERSEXUAL LOVE). SACRED LOVE KNOWS THE PROGRESSIVE ABANDONMENT OF INDIVIDUAL MYSTICISM IN FAVOR OF A SOCIAL VISION OF RELIGIOUS LOVE. THE DISCOURSE OF LOVE AMONG KIN PROVIDES A THEORETICAL JUSTIFICATION OF THE HIERARCHIC REPRESENTATION OF SOCIETY. THE XVTH. CENTURY BRINGS ABOUT AN EVOLUTION OF THE POLITICAL MODELS : THE FEUDAL IDEA OF LOVE AS THE MOST IMPORTANT POLITICAL BOND LOSES ITS FORCE EITHER TO SOLELY REPRESENT A KNIGHTLY IDEAL OR TO BECOME ONE OF THE SAFEGUARDS OF THE NEW MONARCHIC MODELS. PRIOR TO THE 15TH CENTURY THE IDEA OF FRIEDSHIP WAS DEVELOPED BY THE DIDACTIC AND JUDICIALS DOMAINS. THIS NOTIONS IS PERCEIVED IN DIDACTICISM AS DANGEROUS IMPLYING MISTRUST. IN THE JUDICIAL REALM TWO DIFFERENT NOTIONS OF FRIENDSHIP COME FACE TO FACE (COMMON LAW AND NATURAL LAW). IN THE 15TH CENTURY THE DISCOURSE ON FRIENDSHIP REPRODUCES THE MODELS OF ANTIQUITY INORDER TO DEVELOP A HUMANISTIC CONCEPTION OF FRIENDSHIP BASED ON VIRTUE. AS CONCERNS INTERSEXUAL LOVE, THE 15TH CENTURY DEVELOPS, THROUGH SCHOLARLY KNOWLEDGE, THE NATURALISTIC IDEAS OF LOVE, CLAIMED BY A. MADRIGAL WHO THROUGH THE EROTIZATION OF SUCH ARGUMENTS COMES TO ESTABLISH THE SPECIFICITY OF HUMAN LOVE, WHICH IS ESSENTIALLY AESTHETIC. THE THEORY OF LOVE ALSO SIGNIFIES THE SYSTEMATIZATION OF THE KNOWLEDGE OF LOVE : ASTROLOGY, PHILOSOPHY OF MANKIND, MAGIC. LIKEWISE, MEDECINE IS CAPABLE OF SCIENTIFICALLY ISOLATING THE PHENOMNON OF LOVE AND OF TRANSMITTING AN EROTIC KNOWLEDGE WITH IMPUNITY. ALL THESE INFLUENCES ALLOW TO ESTABLISH THE DIFFERENT LITERARY TENDENCIES ABOUT LOVE
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00734876
Contributor : Carlos Heusch <>
Submitted on : Monday, September 24, 2012 - 5:05:25 PM
Last modification on : Friday, July 17, 2020 - 8:55:37 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Tuesday, December 25, 2012 - 6:25:17 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-00734876, version 1

Citation

Carlos Heusch. La philosophie de l'amour dans l'Espagne du XVe siècle. Littératures. Université de la Sorbonne nouvelle - Paris III, 1993. Français. ⟨tel-00734876⟩

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