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Modélisation haute-fréquence des variateurs de vitesse pour aéronefs : contribution au dimensionnement et à l'optimisation de filtres CEM

Abstract : The More Electrical Aircraft concept is very promising regarding energy saves, but generates new problems, and especially the emergence of new power electronics loads on the electrical network. Keeping the same level of safety in the aircraft means developing these switching mode converters in accordance with the aircraft standards, as the DO160. This is not obvious since weights of equipments are especially constrained: indeed, the objective of weight and energy save needs to be balanced with the additional weight and volume of the required EMI filters. There is thus a strong need in helping the aircraft designers to choose among the various technological possibilities, and to know the impact of these choices on the global weight, cost and volume of the embedded equipments. The EMI filter usually represents roughly 30% of the cost and volume of a power electronics converter, and it is very important to optimize it. The impact of the converter control law, semiconductors choice, interconnects realization, harness selection and placement, electrical motors characteristics… should be perfectly known in order to reach a good system design. In this perspective, the objectives of this thesis are to provide not only an approach for modelling high frequency variable speed drives dedicated to aerospace applications but also a methodology to optimize the required EMI filters. For this purpose, new architecture software dedicated to the rapid generation of EMC models is proposed. A modular description and a complete automatic model generation facilitate the use by the designer in optimization procedures thanks to automatic gradient computation.The methodology presented in this work is not specifically developed for a given application. It is a very generic approach: the topology of the filter, the structure of the inverters, interconnects and the control law can be easily recalculated, using this software environment. Consequently, the impact of all these elements on the electromagnetic disturbances can be characterized, and the EMI filter optimized.
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Baïdy Birame Toure. Modélisation haute-fréquence des variateurs de vitesse pour aéronefs : contribution au dimensionnement et à l'optimisation de filtres CEM. Autre. Université de Grenoble, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012GRENT038⟩. ⟨tel-00734802v2⟩

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