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Réponse des cellules respiratoires à l'hypoxie intermittente

Abstract : In present work, we addressed the role of Intermittent Hypoxia (IH) on respiratory inflammation. In a first study, we characterized the inflammatory profile of the human nasal epithelial cells (CENH) in response to IH and showed a significant increase of the IL-8, PDGF AA, VEGF and gelatinases secretion. The released IL-8 was active, as shown by the ability of supernatants to induce neutrophil migration. Furthermore, we showed that IH per se induced neutrophil migration and that IL-8 had an additive effect, especially on already activated neutrophils from patients suffering from sleep apnea/hypopnea syndrome (SAHS). In the second study, we showed a specific response of bronchial smooth muscle cells (BSMC) to IH with induction of VEGF secretion and an increase in migration capacities. In addition, supernatants of CENH exposed to IH induced a major increase of BSMC migration, dependent on PDGFAA secretion. Our studies show that IH leads to an inflammatory response of the resident tracheobronchial cells, both epithelial and smooth muscle cells. The use of an in vitro model allowed to isolate the specific tissular response from the influence of a vascular and systemic inflammation. These results can explain the neutrophilia observed in induced sputum of patients with SAHS, as well as the results of their pulmonary functional tests
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Carole Philippe. Réponse des cellules respiratoires à l'hypoxie intermittente. Sciences agricoles. Université Paris-Est, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011PEST0097⟩. ⟨tel-00734315⟩

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