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Solvabilité 2 : une réelle avancée ?

Abstract : The new rules of solvency for the insurance industry, Solvency II, aim to improve the risk management in the insurance industry by identifying different classes / modules of risk, and by allowing insurance companies to use an internal model to estimate their capital. The standard formula sets the capital requirement at a VaR of 99.5% level for a one year horizon for each sub risk module. Then at each consolidation level, the different VaR are aggregated through a correlation matrix. Some problems may appear with this method : – The regulator uses “VaR” term while he provides neither marginal distributions nor the global one. This multivariate risk measure is relevant only if each risk follows a normal distribution. – This short term horizon does not match the time horizon of the liabilities of an insurance company and leads to some problems in updating the capital requirement during the year. – The dependance structure given in the standard formula does not correspond to a practical one, and cannot be used in an internal model. The first part will present a detailed discussion about the reform and give some example of its application from risk management’s point of view. In the second part, it will be establish that this multivariate risk measure does not satisfy the main axioms that a risk measure should fulfill. With this approach, there is not uniqueness among the insurance companies, so the solvency capital requirement cannot be compared across the industry. The third part will demonstrate that a risk measure which adjusts to different periods should be used to evaluate the capital at a point in time, a multiperiod risk measure. At last, the fourth part will emphasize on an alternative to the correlation matrix to aggregate risks, the copula.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, September 19, 2012 - 11:52:12 AM
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Anthony Derien. Solvabilité 2 : une réelle avancée ?. Mathématiques générales [math.GM]. Université Claude Bernard - Lyon I, 2010. Français. ⟨NNT : 2010LYO10187⟩. ⟨tel-00733700⟩

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