O. Vertically, 108 5.6.1 Stratospheric ozone evolution 108 5.6.2 Stratospheric ozone anomaly, p.117

G. Sciamachy, . Gomos, . Smr, and A. Osiris, this thesis opens a path to do some additional works. For instance, in addition to Aura MLS, several satellites have been launched since 2000 and are not validated on the long-term for estimating ozone trends. Therefore, stability of ozone measurements from other satellite instruments such as, Considering the importance of detecting ozone recovery linked to the implementation of the Montreal Protocol IASI can be evaluated as done in Chapter addition, the regression analyses could be improved by using additional explanatory variables (e.g., equivalent latitude)

T. Tsukuba, L. Mlo, and . Etc, as presented in Chapter 5. Moreover, comparisons and trends evaluated using ozone observations can be compared with the trends deduced from the long-term simulations by Chemical Transport Models (e.g., REPROBUS or SLIM- CAT) forced by the ERA-Interim analyses. Similarly, trends estimated from the simulations of Chemistry Climate Models (SPARC, The estimation of stratospheric ozone trends can also be extended to other stations can be compared with that obtained from observations, 2010.

G. Ancellet and M. Beekmann, Evidence for changes in the ozone concentrations in the free troposphere over southern france from 1976 to 1995, Atmospheric Environment, vol.31, issue.17, pp.2835-2851, 1997.
DOI : 10.1016/S1352-2310(97)00032-0

S. B. Andersen and B. M. Knudsen, The influence of polar vortex ozone depletion on NH mid-latitude ozone trends in spring, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, vol.6, issue.10, pp.2837-2845, 2006.
DOI : 10.5194/acp-6-2837-2006

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00295977

D. G. Andrews, J. R. Holton, and C. B. Leovy, Middle atmosphere dynamics, International geophysics series, p.89, 1987.

C. Appenzeller, A. K. Weiss, and J. Staehelin, North Atlantic Oscillation modulates total ozone winter trends, Geophysical Research Letters, vol.102, issue.D5, pp.1131-1134, 2000.
DOI : 10.1029/1999GL010854

M. P. Baldwin, L. Gray, T. Dunkerton, and K. Hamilton, The quasi-biennial oscillation, Reviews of Geophysics, vol.99, issue.2, pp.10-1029, 2001.
DOI : 10.1029/1999RG000073

A. M. Bass and R. J. Paur, The ultraviolet cross-sections of ozone:I: The measurements, II:Results and temperature dependence, Proc. of the Quadrennial Ozone Symposium, pp.606-615, 1984.

D. R. Bates and M. Nicolet, The photochemistry of atmospheric water vapor, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.196, issue.207, pp.301-327, 1950.
DOI : 10.1029/JZ055i003p00301

P. K. Bhartia, R. D. Mcpeters, C. L. Mateer, L. E. Flynn, and C. Wellemeyer, Algorithm for the estimation of vertical ozone profiles from the backscattered ultraviolet technique, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, vol.9, issue.D13, pp.793-811, 1996.
DOI : 10.1029/96JD01165

P. K. Bhartia, C. G. Wellemeyer, S. L. Taylor, N. Nath, and A. Gopalan, Solar backscatter ultraviolet (SBUV) version 8 profile algorithm, Proc. of the XX Quadrennial Ozone Symposium, pp.295-296, 2004.
DOI : 10.5194/amt-6-2533-2013

URL : http://doi.org/10.5194/amt-6-2533-2013

G. Bodeker, I. Boyd, and W. Matthews, Trends and variability in vertical ozone and temperature profiles measured by ozonesondes at Lauder, New Zealand: 1986-1996, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, vol.97, issue.D22, pp.661-689, 1998.
DOI : 10.1029/98JD02581

R. Bojkov, L. Bishop, W. Hill, G. Reinsel, and G. Tiao, A statistical trend analysis of revised Dobson total ozone data over the northern hemisphere, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, vol.79, issue.D7, pp.95-9785, 1990.
DOI : 10.1029/JD095iD07p09785

I. S. Boyd, A. D. Parrish, L. Froidevaux, T. Von-clarmann, E. Kyrölä et al., Ground-based microwave ozone radiometer measurements compared with Aura-MLS v2.2 and other instruments at two Network for Detection of Atmospheric Composition Change sites, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.44, issue.5, pp.24-3310, 2007.
DOI : 10.1029/2007JD008720

G. P. Brasseur, Climate Variability and Extremes during the Past 100 years: Creating Knowledge from the Controntation of Observations and Models: The Case of Stratospheric Ozone Advances in Global Change Research, pp.303-316, 2008.

G. P. Brasseur, J. J. Orlando, and G. S. Tyndall, Atmospheric chemistry and global change, p.13, 1999.

A. W. Brewer, Evidence for a world circulation provided by the measurements of helium and water vapour distribution in the stratosphere, Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, vol.2, issue.326, pp.351-363, 1949.
DOI : 10.1002/qj.49707532603

A. W. Brewer and J. R. Milford, The Oxford-Kew Ozone Sonde, Proc. R. Soc. Lond. A, 256, pp.1287-470, 1960.
DOI : 10.1098/rspa.1960.0120

E. J. Brinksma, J. B. Bergwerff, and G. E. Bodeker, Validation of 3 years of ozone measurements over Network for the Detection of Stratospheric Change station Lauder, New Zealand, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, vol.100, issue.D13, pp.291-308, 2000.
DOI : 10.1029/2000JD900143

J. Brion, A. Chakir, J. Charbonnier, D. Daumont, C. Parisse et al., Absorption spectra measurements for the ozone molecule in the 350?830 nm region, Journal of Atmospheric Chemistry, vol.30, issue.2, pp.291-299, 1998.
DOI : 10.1023/A:1006036924364

E. V. Browell, Airborne lidar observations in the wintertime Arctic stratosphere: Polar stratospheric clouds, Geophysical Research Letters, vol.15, issue.4, pp.385-388, 1990.
DOI : 10.1029/GL017i004p00385

C. Brühl, Halogen Occultation Experiment ozone channel validation, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, vol.1491, issue.9, pp.217-227, 1996.
DOI : 10.1029/95JD02031

D. Brunner, J. Staehelin, J. A. Maeder, I. Wohltmann, and G. E. Bodeker, Variability and trends in total and vertically resolved stratospheric ozone based on the CATO ozone data set, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, vol.6, issue.12, pp.4985-5008, 2006.
DOI : 10.5194/acp-6-4985-2006

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00296070

K. S. Carslaw, B. P. Luo, S. L. Clegg, T. Peter, P. Brimblecombe et al., and water uptake by liquid particles, Geophysical Research Letters, vol.97, issue.No.43, pp.2479-2482, 1994.
DOI : 10.1029/94GL02799

S. Chandra, R. Mcpeters, W. Planet, and R. Nagatani, The 27 day solar UV response of stratospheric ozone: solar cycle 21 vs. solar cycle 22, Journal of Atmospheric and Terrestrial Physics, vol.56, issue.9, pp.1057-1065, 1994.
DOI : 10.1016/0021-9169(94)90043-4

S. Chapman, 1930: A theory of upper-atmospheric ozone. Memoirs of the

S. Chubachi, Preliminary result of ozone observations at syowa station from february 1982 to january 1983, Mem. Natl. Inst. Polar Res. Jpn., Spec. Issue, vol.34, pp.13-20, 1984.

P. J. Crutzen, Ozone production rates in an oxygen-hydrogen-nitrogen oxide atmosphere, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.47, issue.13, pp.7311-7327, 1971.
DOI : 10.1029/JC076i030p07311

D. Cunnold, M. Newchurch, L. Flynn, H. Wang, J. Russell et al., Uncertainties in upper stratospheric ozone trends from, 1979.

J. S. Daniel, S. S. Portmann, and R. R. Garcia, Stratospheric ozone destruction: The importance of bromine relative to chlorine, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, vol.88, issue.4, pp.871-894, 1999.
DOI : 10.1029/1999JD900381

D. Daumont, J. Brion, J. Charbonnier, and J. Malicet, Ozone UV spectroscopy I: Absorption cross-sections at room temperature, Journal of Atmospheric Chemistry, vol.36, issue.2, pp.145-155, 1992.
DOI : 10.1007/BF00053756

M. T. Deland, L. Huang, S. L. Taylor, C. A. Mckay, R. P. Cebula et al., Long-term SBUV and SBUV/2 instrument calibration for version 8 ozone data, Proc. of the XX Quadrennial Ozone Symposium, pp.321-322, 2004.

T. Deshler, J. L. Mercer, and H. G. Smit, Atmospheric comparison of electrochemical cell ozonesondes from different manufacturers, and with different cathode solution strengths: The Balloon Experiment on Standards for Ozonesondes, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.112, issue.D5, pp.4307-4348, 2008.
DOI : 10.1029/2007JD008975

S. Dhomse, M. Weber, I. Wohltmann, M. Rex, and J. P. Burrows, On the possible causes of recent increases in northern hemispheric total ozone from a statistical analysis of satellite data from, Atmos. Chem. Phys, vol.65194, issue.103, pp.1165-1180, 1165.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00295877

G. M. Dobson, Origin and Distribution of the Polyatomic Molecules in the Atmosphere, Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, vol.236, issue.1205, pp.1205-187, 1956.
DOI : 10.1098/rspa.1956.0127

G. M. Dobson, Operations handbook ozone observations with a dobson spectrophotometer, p.94, 1980.

R. Evans, G. Mcconville, S. Oltmans, I. Petropavlovskikh, and D. Quincy, Measurement of internal stray light within Dobson ozone spectrophotometers, International Journal of Remote Sensing, vol.145, issue.15-16, pp.4247-4258, 2009.
DOI : 10.1080/014311698213993

D. W. Fahey, S. R. Kawa, and E. L. Woodbridge, In situ measurements constraining the role of sulphate aerosols in mid-latitude ozone depletion, Nature, vol.363, issue.6429, pp.509-514, 1993.
DOI : 10.1038/363509a0

J. C. Farman, B. G. Gardiner, and J. D. Shanklin, Large losses of total ozone in Antarctica reveal seasonal ClOx/NOx interaction, Nature, vol.29, issue.6016, pp.207-210, 1985.
DOI : 10.1038/315207a0

M. A. Felton, T. A. Kovacs, A. H. Omar, and C. A. Hostetler, Stratospheric clouds using LIDAR measurements from the SAGE III ozone loss and validation experiment, 2007.

V. E. Fioletov, G. E. Bodeker, A. J. Miller, R. D. Mcpeters, and R. Stolarski, Global and zonal total ozone variations estimated from ground-based and satellite measurements: 1964???2000, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.97, issue.D22, pp.464710-1029, 2002.
DOI : 10.1029/2001JD001350

V. E. Fioletov and T. G. Shepherd, Seasonal persistence of midlatitude total ozone anomalies, Geophysical Research Letters, vol.105, issue.7, pp.10-1029, 1417.
DOI : 10.1029/2001JD001350

V. E. Fioletov, D. W. Tarasick, and I. Petropavlovskikh, Estimating ozone variability and instrument uncertainties from SBUV(/2), ozonesonde, Umkehr, and SAGE II measurements: Short-term variations, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.107, issue.D23, pp.2305-57, 2006.
DOI : 10.1029/2005JD006340

J. E. Frederick, Measurement requirements for the detection of ozone trends. Ozone Correlative Measurements Workshop, pp.1-19, 1984.

L. Froidevaux, Y. B. Jiang, and A. Lambert, Validation of Aura Microwave Limb Sounder stratospheric ozone measurements, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.111, issue.5, pp.15-17, 2008.
DOI : 10.1029/2007JD008771

T. Fujimoto, O. Uchino, T. Nagai, R. Bojkov, and G. Visconti, Four year intercomparison of ozone lidar, ozonesonde and SAGE II data, Proceedings of the XVIII Quadrennial Ozone Symposium, pp.127-130, 1996.

J. A. Gijsel, D. P. Swart, and J. Baray, Global validation of ENVISAT ozone profiles using lidar measurements, International Journal of Remote Sensing, vol.30, issue.15-16, pp.3987-3994, 2009.
DOI : 10.5194/acp-8-3929-2008

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00408799

S. Godin, Etude experimentale par teledetection laser et modelisation de la distribution verticale d'ozone dans la haute stratosphere, p.23, 1987.

S. Godin, A. I. Carswell, and D. P. Donovan, Ozone differential absorption lidar algorithm intercomparison, Applied Optics, vol.38, issue.30, pp.38-65, 1999.
DOI : 10.1364/AO.38.006225

S. Godin, M. Marchand, A. Hauchecorne, and F. Lefèvre, Influence of Arctic polar ozone depletion on lower stratospheric ozone amounts at Haute-Provence Observatory, 2002.

S. Godin, G. Mégie, and J. Pelon, Systematic lidar measurements of the stratospheric ozone vertical distribution, Geophysical Research Letters, vol.299, issue.C7, pp.547-550, 1989.
DOI : 10.1029/GL016i006p00547

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-01263583

S. Godin-beekmann and P. J. Nair, Sensitivity of stratospheric ozone lidar measurements to a change in ozone absorption cross-sections, Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer, vol.113, issue.11, p.33, 2012.
DOI : 10.1016/j.jqsrt.2012.03.002

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00678754

S. Godin-beekmann, J. Porteneuve, and A. Garnier, Systematic DIAL lidar monitoring of the stratospheric ozone vertical distribution at Observatoire de Haute-Provence (43.92 ? N, 5.71 ? E)), J. Environ. Monit, vol.24, issue.28, pp.57-67, 2003.

S. Godin-beekmann, T. Song, P. Keckhut, and J. Porteneuve, Long-term variability of stratospheric ozone monitored by DIAL measurements at OHP (44 ? N, 6 ? E), Proc. of the International Laser Radar Conference, pp.559-562, 2004.

A. Griesfeller, S. Godin-beekmann, I. Petropavlovskikh, and P. J. Nair, 2012: Comparison of long-term stratospheric ozone time series from lidar and umkehr measurements at Observatoire de Haute-Provence (OHP), p.46

M. Guirlet, P. Keckhut, S. Godin, and G. Mégie, Description of the long-term ozone data series obtained from different instrumental techniques at a single location: the Observatoire de Haute-Provence (43.9??N, 5.7??E), Annales Geophysicae, vol.18, issue.10, pp.1325-1339, 2000.
DOI : 10.1007/s00585-000-1325-y

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00329166

P. Hadjinicolaou and J. A. Pyle, The Impact of Arctic Ozone Depletion on Northern Middle Latitudes: Interannual Variability and Dynamical Control, Journal of Atmospheric Chemistry, vol.47, issue.1, pp.25-43, 2004.
DOI : 10.1023/B:JOCH.0000012242.06578.6c

N. R. Harris, E. Kyrö, J. Staehelin, and D. Brunner, Ozone trends at northern mid- and high latitudes – a European perspective, Annales Geophysicae, vol.26, issue.5, pp.1207-1220, 2008.
DOI : 10.5194/angeo-26-1207-2008

A. Hauchecorne, Ether, service Arletty, atmospheric model description, ETH-ACR-AR-DM- 001, p.70, 1998.

A. Hauchecorne, J. L. Bertaux, and F. Dalaudier, Response of tropical stratospheric O<sub>3</sub>, NO<sub>2</sub> and NO<sub>3</sub> to the equatorial Quasi-Biennial Oscillation and to temperature as seen from GOMOS/ENVISAT, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, vol.10, issue.18, pp.8873-8879, 2010.
DOI : 10.5194/acp-10-8873-2010

A. Hauchecorne, M. Chanin, and P. Keckhut, Climatology and trends of the middle atmospheric temperature (33?87 km) as seen by Rayleigh lidar over the southern France, J. Geophys. Res, vol.96, issue.15, pp.297-312, 1991.

P. Haynes, STRATOSPHERIC DYNAMICS, Annual Review of Fluid Mechanics, vol.37, issue.1, pp.263-293, 2005.
DOI : 10.1146/annurev.fluid.37.061903.175710

B. Heese, S. Godin, and A. Hauchecorne, Forecast and simulation of stratospheric ozone filaments: A validation of a high-resolution potential vorticity advection model by airborne ozone lidar measurements, J. Geophys. Res, vol.106, issue.20, pp.11-20, 1998.

F. Hendrick, NDACC/SAOZ UV-visible total ozone measurements: improved retrieval and comparison with correlative ground-based and satellite observations, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, vol.11, issue.12, pp.5975-5995, 2011.
DOI : 10.5194/acp-11-5975-2011

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00512237

D. Hofmann and S. Solomon, Ozone destruction through heterogeneous chemistry following the eruption of El Chich??n, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.83, issue.3, pp.5029-5041, 1989.
DOI : 10.1029/JD094iD04p05029

D. J. Hofmann, Stratospheric clouds and ozone depletion in the Arctic during January 1989, Nature, vol.340, issue.6229, pp.117-121, 1989.
DOI : 10.1038/340117a0

J. R. Holton, P. H. Haynes, M. E. Mcintyre, A. R. Douglass, R. B. Rood et al., Stratosphere-troposphere exchange, Reviews of Geophysics, vol.51, issue.2, pp.403-439, 1995.
DOI : 10.1029/95RG02097

URL : http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/summary?doi=

L. L. Hood, The solar cycle variation of total ozone: Dynamical forcing in the lower stratosphere, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, vol.80, issue.D1, pp.1355-1370, 1997.
DOI : 10.1029/96JD00210

J. W. Hurrell, Influence of variations in extratropical wintertime teleconnections on northern hemisphere temperature, Geophysical Research Letters, vol.270, issue.6, pp.665-668, 1996.
DOI : 10.1029/96GL00459

J. W. Hurrell, Y. Kushnir, G. Ottersen, and M. Visbeck, North Atlantic Oscillation, p.90, 2003.
DOI : 10.1007/1-4020-3266-8_150

D. F. Hurst, S. J. Oltmans, H. Vömel, K. H. Rosenlof, S. M. Davis et al., Stratospheric water vapor trends over Boulder, Colorado: Analysis of the 30 year Boulder record, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.104, issue.D1, pp.230610-230628, 1029.
DOI : 10.1029/2010JD015065

M. M. Hurwitz, P. A. Newman, and C. I. Garfinkel, The Arctic vortex in: a dynamical perspective, Atmos. Chem. Phys, vol.115194, issue.11, pp.11-11447, 2011.

Y. B. Jiang, L. Froidevaux, and A. Lambert, Validation of Aura Microwave Limb Sounder Ozone by ozonesonde and lidar measurements, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.111, issue.5, pp.24-34, 2007.
DOI : 10.1029/2007JD008776

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00199098

B. J. Johnson, S. J. Oltmans, H. Vömel, H. G. Smit, T. Deshler et al., Electrochemical concentration cell (ECC) ozonesonde pump efficiency measurements and tests on the sensitivity to ozone of buffered and unbuffered ECC sensor cathode solutions, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.13, issue.4, pp.4393-4434, 2002.
DOI : 10.1029/2001JD000557

A. Jones, J. Urban, and D. P. Murtagh, Evolution of stratospheric ozone and water vapour time series studied with satellite measurements, Atmos. Chem. Phys, vol.95194, issue.86, pp.9-6055, 2009.

A. Jones, J. Urban, D. P. Murtagh, C. Sanchez, K. A. Walker et al., Analysis of HCl and ClO time series in the upper stratosphere using satellite data sets, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, vol.11, issue.11, pp.5321-5333, 2011.
DOI : 10.5194/acp-11-5321-2011

G. Kiesewetter, B. Sinnhuber, M. Weber, and J. P. Burrows, Attribution of stratospheric ozone trends to chemistry and transport: a modelling study, Atmos. Chem. Phys, vol.10, issue.87, pp.10-5194, 2010.

W. D. Komhyr, Electrochemical concentration cells for gas analysis, Ann. Geoph, vol.25, pp.203-210, 1969.

J. W. Krzy?cin and B. Rajewska-wiech, Trends in the ozone vertical distribution from the Umkehr observations at Belsk 1963???2007, International Journal of Remote Sensing, vol.30, issue.15-16, pp.3917-3926, 2009.
DOI : 10.1029/2005JD006886

J. Kuttippurath, S. Godin-beekmann, F. Lefèvre, and F. Goutail, Spatial, temporal, and vertical variability of polar stratospheric ozone loss in the Arctic winters 2004/2005???2009/2010, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, vol.10, issue.20, pp.9915-9930, 2004.
DOI : 10.5194/acp-10-9915-2010

J. Kuttippurath, S. Godin-beekmann, F. Lefévre, G. Nikulin, M. L. Santee et al., Record-breaking ozone loss in the Arctic winter, 1996.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00676807

J. Kuttippurath and G. Nikulin, 2012: The sudden stratospheric warming of the Arctic winter comparison to other recent warm winters, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss, vol.12, pp.10-5194, 2009.

E. Kyrölä, J. Tamminen, and V. Sofieva, Retrieval of atmospheric parameters from gomos data, Atmos. Chem. Phys, vol.10, issue.11, pp.881-892, 2010.

D. J. Lary, D. W. Waugh, A. R. Douglass, R. S. Stolarski, P. A. Newman et al., Variations in stratospheric inorganic chlorine between, Geophys. Res. Lett, vol.34, pp.2181110-1029, 1991.

T. Leblanc and I. Mcdermid, Stratospheric ozone climatology from lidar measurements at Table Mountain (34.4 ? N, 117.7 ? W) and Mauna Loa (19.5 ? N, 155.6 ? W), J. Geophys. Res, vol.105, issue.14, pp.613-627, 2000.
DOI : 10.1029/2000jd900030

J. Li, D. M. Cunnold, H. J. Wang, E. S. Yang, and M. J. Newchurch, A discussion of upper stratospheric ozone asymmetries and SAGE trends, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, vol.107, issue.D23, pp.10-1029, 2002.
DOI : 10.1029/2001JD001398

N. J. Livesey, W. G. Read, L. Froidevaux, and J. W. Waters, The UARS Microwave Limb Sounder version 5 data set: Theory, characterization, and validation, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, vol.106, issue.D24, pp.10-1029, 2003.
DOI : 10.1029/2002JD002273

J. A. Logan, I. A. Megretskaia, and J. Miller, Trends in the vertical distribution of ozone: A comparison of two analyses of ozonesonde data, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, vol.103, issue.D21, pp.373-399, 1999.
DOI : 10.1029/1999JD900300

F. Lott, J. Kuttippurath, and F. Vial, A Climatology of the Gravest Waves in the Equatorial Lower and Middle Stratosphere: Method and Results for the ERA-40 Re-Analysis and the LMDz GCM, Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, vol.66, issue.5, pp.1327-1346, 2009.
DOI : 10.1175/2008JAS2880.1

J. A. Mäder, J. Staehelin, D. Brunner, W. A. Stahel, I. Wohltmann et al., Statistical modeling of total ozone: Selection of appropriate explanatory variables, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.32, issue.1???2, pp.10-1029, 2007.
DOI : 10.1029/2006JD007694

J. A. Mäder, J. Staehelin, T. Peter, D. Brunner, H. E. Rieder et al., Evidence for the effectiveness of the Montreal Protocol to protect the ozone layer, Atmos. Chem. Phys, vol.10, pp.12-161, 2010.

G. L. Manney, Unprecedented Arctic ozone loss in 2011, Nature, vol.113, issue.7370, pp.469-475, 2011.
DOI : 10.1038/nature10556

M. Marchand, S. Bekki, A. Pazmino, F. Lefèvre, S. G. Beekmann et al., Model Simulations of the Impact of the 2002 Antarctic Ozone Hole on the Midlatitudes, Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, vol.62, issue.3, pp.871-884, 2005.
DOI : 10.1175/JAS-3326.1

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00077722

J. P. Mccormack and L. L. Hood, Apparent solar cycle variations of upper stratospheric ozone and temperature: Latitude and seasonal dependences, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, vol.18, issue.D15, pp.933-953, 1996.
DOI : 10.1029/96JD01817

M. B. Mcelroy, R. J. Salawitch, S. C. Wofsy, and J. A. Logan, Reductions of Antarctic ozone due to synergistic interactions of chlorine and bromine, Nature, vol.226, issue.6072, pp.759-762, 1986.
DOI : 10.1038/321759a0

T. Mcgee, M. Gross, R. Ferrare, W. Heaps, and U. Singh, Raman dial measurements of stratospheric ozone in the presence of volcanic aerosols, Geophysical Research Letters, vol.19, issue.10, pp.955-958, 1993.
DOI : 10.1029/93GL00751

C. A. Mclinden, S. Tegtmeier, and V. Fioletov, Technical Note: A SAGE-corrected SBUV zonal-mean ozone data set, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, vol.9, issue.20, pp.9-7963, 2009.
DOI : 10.5194/acp-9-7963-2009

L. T. Molina and M. J. Molina, Production of chlorine oxide (Cl2O2) from the self-reaction of the chlorine oxide (ClO) radical, The Journal of Physical Chemistry, vol.91, issue.2, pp.433-436, 1987.
DOI : 10.1021/j100286a035

M. J. Molina and F. S. Rowland, Stratospheric sink for chlorofluoromethanes: chlorine atomc-atalysed destruction of ozone, Nature, vol.230, issue.5460, pp.810-812, 1974.
DOI : 10.1038/249810a0

B. Nardi, J. C. Gille, and J. J. Barnett, Initial validation of ozone measurements from the High Resolution Dynamics Limb Sounder, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.44, issue.5, pp.10-1029, 2008.
DOI : 10.1029/2007JD008837

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00286860

H. Nazaryan and M. P. Mccormick, Comparisons of Stratospheric Aerosol and Gas Experiment (SAGE II) and Solar Backscatter Ultraviolet Instrument (SBUV/2) ozone profiles and trend estimates, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.107, issue.D23, pp.17-302, 2005.
DOI : 10.1029/2004JD005483

H. Nazaryan, M. P. Mccormick, and J. M. Iii, Comparative analysis of SBUV/2 and HALOE ozone profiles and trends, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.50, issue.3, pp.10-304, 2007.
DOI : 10.1029/2006JD007367

M. Newchurch, L. Bishop, and D. Cunnold, Upper-stratospheric ozone trends 1979-1998, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, vol.101, issue.D11, pp.625-639, 2000.
DOI : 10.1029/2000JD900037

M. J. Newchurch, E. Yang, D. M. Cunnold, G. C. Reinsel, J. M. Zawodny et al., Evidence for slowdown in stratospheric ozone loss: First stage of ozone recovery, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.99, issue.D23, pp.10-1029, 2003.
DOI : 10.1029/2003JD003471

P. A. Newman, J. S. Daniel, D. W. Waugh, and E. R. Nash, A new formulation of equivalent effective stratospheric chlorine (EESC), Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, vol.7, issue.17, pp.4537-4552, 2007.
DOI : 10.5194/acp-7-4537-2007

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00296324

P. A. Newman, E. R. Nash, S. R. Kawa, S. A. Montzka, and S. M. Schauffler, When will the Antarctic ozone hole recover?, Geophysical Research Letters, vol.32, issue.4, pp.10-1029, 2006.
DOI : 10.1029/2005GL025232

I. Petropavlovskikh, P. K. Bhartia, and J. Deluisi, New Umkehr ozone profile retrieval algorithm optimized for climatological studies, Geophysical Research Letters, vol.102, issue.16, pp.16-808, 2005.
DOI : 10.1029/2005GL023323

I. Petropavlovskikh, R. Evans, G. Mcconville, K. Miyagawa, and S. Oltmans, Effect of the out-of-band stray light on the retrieval of the Umkehr Dobson ozone profiles, International Journal of Remote Sensing, vol.30, issue.24, pp.10-1080, 2009.
DOI : 10.1080/01431160902865806

J. P. Pommereau and F. Goutail, observations at the southern polar circle in summer and fall 1988, Geophysical Research Letters, vol.83, issue.8, pp.895-897, 1988.
DOI : 10.1029/GL015i008p00895

W. H. Press, B. P. Flannery, S. A. Teukolsky, and W. T. Vetterling, Numerical recipes, pp.504-508, 1989.

V. Ramaswamy, M. D. Schwarzkopf, W. J. Randel, B. D. Santer, B. J. Soden et al., Anthropogenic and Natural Influences in the Evolution of Lower Stratospheric Cooling, Science, vol.311, issue.5764, pp.311-1138, 2006.
DOI : 10.1126/science.1122587

W. Randel, P. Udelhofen, and E. Fleming, The SPARC Intercomparison of Middle-Atmosphere Climatologies, Journal of Climate, vol.17, issue.5, pp.986-1003, 2003.
DOI : 10.1175/1520-0442(2004)017<0986:TSIOMC>2.0.CO;2

W. J. Randel, R. S. Stolarski, and D. M. Cunnold, Trends in the Vertical Distribution of Ozone, Science, vol.285, issue.5434, pp.1689-1692, 1999.
DOI : 10.1126/science.285.5434.1689

W. J. Randel, F. Wu, and R. Stolarski, Changes in Column Ozone Correlated with the Stratospheric EP Flux., Journal of the Meteorological Society of Japan, vol.80, issue.4B, pp.849-862, 2002.
DOI : 10.2151/jmsj.80.849

G. Reinsel, G. Tiao, D. Wuebbles, J. Kerr, A. Miller et al., Seasonal trend analysis of published ground-based and TOMS total ozone data through, 1991.

G. C. Reinsel, A. J. Miller, E. C. Weatherhead, L. E. Flynn, R. M. Nagatani et al., Trend analysis of total ozone data for turnaround and dynamical contributions, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.106, issue.D10, pp.10-1029, 2005.
DOI : 10.1029/2004JD004662

G. C. Reinsel, E. C. Weatherhead, and G. C. Tiao, On detection of turnaround and recovery in trend for ozone, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, vol.106, issue.D10, pp.4078-91, 2002.
DOI : 10.1029/2001JD000500

E. E. Remsberg, Trends and solar cycle effects in temperature versus altitude from the Halogen Occultation Experiment for the mesosphere and upper stratosphere, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.114, issue.D12, pp.10-1029, 2009.
DOI : 10.1029/2009JD011897

M. Rex, Chemical Ozone Loss in the Arctic Winter 1994/95 as Determined by the Match Technique, J. Atmos. Chem, vol.32, issue.1, pp.1006093826861-35, 1999.

C. P. Rinsland, Long-term trends of inorganic chlorine from ground-based infrared solar spectra: Past increases and evidence for stabilization, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.23, issue.D12, pp.10-1029, 2003.
DOI : 10.1029/2002JD003001

C. D. Rodgers, Retrieval of atmospheric temperature and composition from remote measurements of thermal radiation, Reviews of Geophysics, vol.18, issue.7, pp.609-624
DOI : 10.1029/RG014i004p00609

J. M. Russell, L. L. Gordley, and J. H. Park, The Halogen Occultation Experiment, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.347, issue.No. 3, pp.98-777, 1993.
DOI : 10.1029/93JD00799

M. Salby, E. Titova, and L. Deschamps, Rebound of Antarctic ozone, Geophysical Research Letters, vol.113, issue.7, p.9702, 2011.
DOI : 10.1029/2011GL047266

M. Sato, J. Hansen, M. Mccormick, and J. Pollack, Stratospheric aerosol optical depths, 1850???1990, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.11, issue.D12, pp.22-987, 1993.
DOI : 10.1029/93JD02553

T. G. Shepherd, Dynamics, stratospheric ozone, and climate change, Atmosphere-Ocean, vol.51, issue.1, pp.117-138, 2008.
DOI : 10.3137/ao.460106

B. Sinnhuber, N. Sheode, M. Sinnhuber, M. P. Chipperfield, and W. Feng, The contribution of anthropogenic bromine emissions to past stratospheric ozone trends: a modelling study, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, vol.9, issue.8, pp.2863-2871, 2009.
DOI : 10.5194/acp-9-2863-2009

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00301957

H. G. Smit, W. Straeter, and B. J. Johnson, Assessment of the performance of ECC-ozonesondes under quasi-flight conditions in the environmental simulation chamber: Insights from the Juelich Ozone Sonde Intercomparison Experiment (JOSIE), Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.10, issue.D2, pp.1930610-1029, 2007.
DOI : 10.1029/2006JD007308

S. Solomon, R. R. Garcia, F. S. Rowland, and D. J. Wuebbles, On the depletion of Antarctic ozone, Nature, vol.88, issue.6072, pp.755-758, 1986.
DOI : 10.1038/321755a0

B. E. Soukharev and L. L. Hood, Solar cycle variation of stratospheric ozone: Multiple regression analysis of long-term satellite data sets and comparisons with models, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.107, issue.D23, pp.10-1029, 2006.
DOI : 10.1029/2006JD007107

J. Staehelin, R. Kegel, and N. Harris, Trend analysis of the homogenized total ozone series of Arosa (Switzerland), 1926-1996, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, vol.71, issue.Part 1, pp.8389-8399, 1998.
DOI : 10.1029/97JD03650

W. Steinbrecht, H. Claude, and F. Schönenborn, Long-term evolution of upper stratospheric ozone at selected stations of the Network for the Detection of Stratospheric Change (NDSC), Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, vol.96, issue.4, pp.10-1029, 2006.
DOI : 10.1029/2005JD006454

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00083653

W. Steinbrecht, H. Claude, and F. Schönenborn, Ozone and temperature trends in the upper stratosphere at five stations of the Network for the Detection of Atmospheric Composition Change, International Journal of Remote Sensing, vol.110, issue.15-16, pp.3875-3886, 2009.
DOI : 10.1029/2005JD006886

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00408752

W. Steinbrecht, H. Hassler, P. Claude, R. S. Winkler, and . Stolarski, Global distribution of total ozone and lower stratospheric temperature variations, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, vol.3, issue.5, pp.1421-1438, 2003.
DOI : 10.5194/acp-3-1421-2003

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00295330

W. Steinbrecht, U. Köhler, H. Claude, M. Weber, J. P. Burrows et al., Very high ozone columns at northern mid-latitudes in 2010, Geophysical Research Letters, vol.5, issue.7, pp.10-1029, 2011.
DOI : 10.1029/2010GL046634

W. Steinbrecht, T. J. Mcgee, and L. W. Twigg, Intercomparison of stratospheric ozone and temperature profiles during the October 2005 Hohenpei??enberg Ozone Profiling Experiment (HOPE), Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, vol.2, issue.1, pp.125-145, 2009.
DOI : 10.5194/amt-2-125-2009

W. Steinbrecht, R. Schwarz, and H. Claude, New Pump Correction for the Brewer???Mast Ozone Sonde: Determination from Experiment and Instrument Intercomparisons, Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, vol.15, issue.1, pp.144-156, 1998.
DOI : 10.1175/1520-0426(1998)015<0144:NPCFTB>2.0.CO;2

R. A. Stolarski and R. J. Cicerone, Stratospheric Chlorine: a Possible Sink for Ozone, Canadian Journal of Chemistry, vol.52, issue.8, pp.1610-1615, 1974.
DOI : 10.1139/v74-233

R. S. Stolarski, A. R. Douglass, S. Steenrod, and S. Pawson, Trends in Stratospheric Ozone: Lessons Learned from a 3D Chemical Transport Model, Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, vol.63, issue.3, pp.1028-1041, 2006.
DOI : 10.1175/JAS3650.1

H. V. Storch and F. W. Zwiers, Statistical analysis in climate Research: Fitting statistical models, p.93, 1999.
DOI : 10.1017/CBO9780511612336

R. Stübi, G. Levrat, B. Hoegger, P. Viatte, J. Staehelin et al., In-flight comparison of Brewer-Mast and electrochemical concentration cell ozonesondes, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.103, issue.D16, pp.10-1029, 2008.
DOI : 10.1029/2007JD009091

J. Tamminen, 2010: GOMOS data characterisation and error estimation, Atmos. Chem. Phys, vol.105194, issue.10, pp.9505-9519
DOI : 10.5194/acp-10-9505-2010

URL : http://doi.org/10.5194/acp-10-9505-2010

K. Tapping, Recent solar radio astronomy at centimeter wavelengths: The temporal variability of the 10.7-cm flux, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.45, issue.D1, pp.829-838, 1987.
DOI : 10.1029/JD092iD01p00829

B. Tatarov, H. Nakane, and C. B. Park, Lidar observation of long-term trends and variations of stratospheric ozone and temperature over Tsukuba, Japan, International Journal of Remote Sensing, vol.108, issue.15-16, pp.3951-3960, 2009.
DOI : 10.5194/acp-6-4093-2006

Y. Terao, J. A. Logan, I. , H. , and S. , Consistency of time series and trends of stratospheric ozone as seen by ozonesonde, SAGE J. Geophys. Res, issue.2, pp.10-1029, 2007.

D. W. Thompson and S. Solomon, Understanding Recent Stratospheric Climate Change, Journal of Climate, vol.22, issue.8, pp.1934-1943, 2009.
DOI : 10.1175/2008JCLI2482.1

URL : http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/summary?doi=

G. C. Tiao, G. C. Reinsel, and J. H. Pedrick, A statistical trend analysis of ozonesonde data, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.26, issue.2, pp.91-121, 1986.
DOI : 10.1029/JD091iD12p13121

M. A. Tolbert, Polar Clouds and Sulfate Aerosols, Science, vol.272, issue.5268, 1996.
DOI : 10.1126/science.272.5268.1597

C. Vigouroux, Evaluation of tropospheric and stratospheric ozone trends over Western Europe from ground-based FTIR network observations, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, vol.8, issue.23, pp.6865-6886, 2008.
DOI : 10.5194/acp-8-6865-2008

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00304029

H. Vömel, S. J. Oltmans, and F. Hasebe, Balloon-borne observations of water vapor and ozone in the tropical upper troposphere and lower stratosphere, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.106, issue.4, pp.10-1029, 2002.
DOI : 10.1029/2001JD000707

D. I. Vyushin, V. E. Fioletov, and T. G. Shepherd, Impact of long-range correlations on trend detection in total ozone, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.16, issue.D10, pp.86-91, 2007.
DOI : 10.1029/2006JD008168

H. J. Wang, D. M. Cunnold, L. W. Thomason, J. M. Zawodny, and G. E. Bodeker, Assessment of SAGE version 6.1 ozone data quality, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, vol.106, issue.D23, pp.10-1029, 2002.
DOI : 10.1029/2002JD002418

P. Wang, D. M. Cunnold, and C. R. Trepte, Ozone variability in the midlatitude upper troposphere and lower stratosphere diagnosed from a monthly SAGE II climatology relative to the tropopause, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.107, issue.D2, pp.10-1029, 2006.
DOI : 10.1029/2005JD006108

D. Waugh and T. Hall, Age of stratospheric air: Theory, observations, and models, Reviews of Geophysics, vol.105, issue.21, pp.10-1029, 1010.
DOI : 10.1029/2000RG000101

E. Weatherhead, G. C. Reinsel, and G. C. Tiao, Factors affecting the detection of trends: Statistical considerations and applications to environmental data, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, vol.24, issue.D14, pp.149-166, 1998.
DOI : 10.1029/98JD00995

M. Weber, S. Dhomse, F. Wittrock, A. Richter, B. Sinnhuber et al., Dynamical control of NH and SH winter/spring total ozone from GOME observations in 1995, Geophys. Res. Lett, vol.30, issue.11, pp.158310-1029, 0100.

M. Weber, S. Dikty, J. P. Burrows, H. Garny, M. Dameris et al., The Brewer-Dobson circulation and total ozone from seasonal to decadal time scales, Atmos. Chem. Phys, vol.11, issue.87, pp.221-232, 2011.

A. Weiss, J. Staehelin, C. Appenzeller, and N. Harris, Chemical and dynamical contributions to ozone profile trends of the Payerne (Switzerland) balloon soundings, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, vol.105, issue.D19, pp.685-707, 2001.
DOI : 10.1029/2000JD000106

I. Wohltmann, R. Lehmann, M. Rex, D. Brunner, and J. A. Mäder, A process-oriented regression model for column ozone, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.102, issue.D5, pp.10-1029, 2007.
DOI : 10.1029/2006JD007573

E. Yang, D. M. Cunnold, and R. J. Salawitch, Attribution of recovery in lowerstratospheric ozone, J. Geophys. Res, vol.111, issue.15, pp.10-1029, 2006.

S. K. Yang, C. S. Long, A. J. Miller, X. He, Y. Yang et al., Modulation of natural variability on a trend analysis of the updated cohesive SBUV(/2) total ozone, International Journal of Remote Sensing, vol.30, issue.15-16, pp.15-16, 2009.
DOI : 10.1029/2005GL024012

P. Zanis, E. Maillard, J. Staehelin, C. Zerefos, E. Kosmidis et al., On the turnaround of stratospheric ozone trends deduced from the reevaluated Umkehr record of Arosa, Switzerland, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.33, issue.7, pp.10-1029, 2006.
DOI : 10.1029/2005JD006886