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Conception, construction, experimentation et modelisation d’un banc d’essais grandeur nature de climatisation utilisant un fluide frigoporteur diphasique a base d’hydrates de tbab

Abstract : For some years, new industrial processes have been developed and marketed in the refrigeration and air conditioning fields. Among systems which begin to have good business opportunities some are using two-phase secondary refrigerants solid / liquid. This kind of technology offers the advantages of reducing the use of classical refrigerants which are regulated and can smooth the production of cold over 24 hours with its ability to store the slurry. At the European level, thanks to the efforts of several manufacturers, the refrigeration field is developing fast with respect to the use of ice slurries. Moreover the industrial or district air conditioning field is a major energetic issue in terms of the immediate energy it requires as well as in terms of "peaks" generated during certain periods of the day.In this field, especially in Japan, the use of “PCM” (Phase Change Material) is additionally developing. In this technological segment, the PCM used are hydrate slurries. This solution has the advantage of crystallizing at positive temperatures which is more suited for the air conditioning than ice slurries.This research work deals with the adaption of a refrigeration technology available on the European market to the field of air conditioning. The fluid used is an aqueous solution of TBAB (Tetra-Butylammonium Bromide) with a crystallization temperature at atmospheric pressure which can be adjusted to a temperature between 6 and 12°C. The experimental device designed and installed is a real size prototype able to cool 4 rooms. Both the industrial demonstrator as well as instrumented test bench allowed us to carry out practice sessions which demonstrated the feasibility of the process. It also allowed us to design improvements and new developments. In parallel to the construction and the experiments, additional measurements concerning some thermo-physical characteristics of TBAB hydrate slurries were conducted in specialised laboratory. Finally, a modelling tool was also developed in order to relate our experiments with theoretical thermo-physical phenomena. This numerical model is intended to be a predicative tool for the design of new installations and for the development of the prototype.
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Jérôme Douzet. Conception, construction, experimentation et modelisation d’un banc d’essais grandeur nature de climatisation utilisant un fluide frigoporteur diphasique a base d’hydrates de tbab. Autre. Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Saint-Etienne, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011EMSE0616⟩. ⟨tel-00733018⟩

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