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Système énergétique territorial face à la montée en puissance des énergies renouvelables : modélisation de la transition appliquée à La Réunion

Kun Ma 1
1 MTG-IDEES - Modélisation et Traitements Graphiques en Géographie
IDEES - Identités et Différenciation de l'Environnement des Espaces et des Sociétés
Abstract : From the concept of territorial energy system (TES), defined as a coupling between a territorial system and an energy system, and after that the actual situation and different possibilities of energy transition being examined, we model the energy transition of the Reunion electrical system, with a multi-agent model developed under the Anylogic platform. In this model, the power plants and the substation HV/MV, localized in IRIS and connected to the electricity network, form the exchange interface between the two subsystems coupled. The dynamic of the model is based on two levels of nested temporalities. Interaction between territorial dynamics and energy dynamics is achieved through hourly simulation of resources (solar, wind, hydraulic) and demand (load curves), based on hourly observations (weather data, data of load curves, etc.), and calibrated with the statistics of production and consumption of the reference year. Scenarios are structured by assumptions on the demand and production, and are with a time horizon of decades and an annual granularity. They allow to understand the effect of different combinations of parameters (threshold of saturation of PV, storage, PV coverage, demand, etc.), to get insights on how the energy system can evolve. This could be used to provide aids to policy's decisions according to objectives (reducing greenhouse-gas emissions, control of prices of energy, development of renewable ...).
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00732678
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Submitted on : Monday, September 17, 2012 - 10:34:14 AM
Last modification on : Monday, October 19, 2020 - 11:00:03 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00732678, version 1

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Kun Ma. Système énergétique territorial face à la montée en puissance des énergies renouvelables : modélisation de la transition appliquée à La Réunion. Géographie. Université de Rouen, 2012. Français. ⟨tel-00732678⟩

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