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Theses

Autisme et schizophrénie

Abstract : This research proposes to revisit the history of autism in its relations with schizophrenia by querying their respective status in the psychopathology and psychoanalysis. In addition to providing case of literature, I used the tool in the construction of clinical cases, to order and begin to theorize the clinical encounters that I have done. Ilhoa, Sacha, Milo and Louis are used as guide for the theoretical developments of the chapter focusing on the question of the body, the space of a surface to capacity, the purpose and enjoyment instinctual (oral, anal, scopic, citing) in 'Kanner autism'. The work of Jules, David and Lison illustrates the difficulty to diagnose between schizophrenia and autism in the clinic, where sometimes only the question of sign and hallucinations enable us to decide. I have then used the work of Manu and Leon to account for the relation to language, to the thought, the living, the affects and the other in the high-functioning autism and Asperger syndrome. Then the story of Anna Max and Gael to identify the actual treatment that the schizophrenic, who has a melancholic or paranoid defence product of the symbolic loss, of the subjective division. These encounters have taught me that in the uniqueness of these individuals lies a special form of creativity to build a more ordered world. Schemes oflinks to the other are invented, which doesn't imply the same terms enjoyment by both parties… If this does not obscure the part of the intractable reality, working with these subjects is always possible, even if they do not come forward and do not speak, even if they are wandering or in an in-between state... Hence, autism astructure is not comparable to the conformism or the deconstruction brought about by schizophrenia
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Submitted on : Tuesday, September 11, 2012 - 9:42:37 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00730760, version 1

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Marielle Frayssinet. Autisme et schizophrénie. Psychologie. Université Rennes 2, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012REN20026⟩. ⟨tel-00730760⟩

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