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L’éducation à la santé dans un enseignement polyvalent : une étude de cas contrastés en didactique clinique à l’école élémentaire

Abstract : This thesis suggests describing, analyzing and understanding, in the clinical didactic background, the practice of class of elementary school teachers during some sessions of teaching disciplinary integrating content relating to the health education. The mobilized abstract notions lean on the fundamental principles of the didactics: the threefold approach, the didactic contract in articulation with the psychoanalytical postulates of the unconscious and the division of the person. The questioning gets organized around the following axes: (1) locate the “déjà-là décisionnel” in approaches to health education; (2) observe and understand the singularity of the person in the original versatility composition which he creates; (3) understand and describe the links which become established between the taught knowledge and the various components of the “déjà-là décisionnel”; (4) envisage the unconscious phenomena in the work in class during the process of transmission-appropriation of contents in health education. The methodology leans on three time of the clinical didactic approach. The interview of “déjà-là” informs about the intentions, the conceptions, the experiences of the person. The “épreuve” is an observation in situ of the ordinary practices of class. The interview in the “après-coup” is a phase of confrontation of the hypotheses of the researcher with the point of view of the teacher. The results present two very contrasted cases, which teach the health education with different approaches and present two original compositions testifying of the singularity of them "déjà-là expérientiel". The numerous divisions to which they are subjected oblige them to compose, at the risk sometimes of certain dishonest compromises.
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Yves Léal. L’éducation à la santé dans un enseignement polyvalent : une étude de cas contrastés en didactique clinique à l’école élémentaire. Education. Université Toulouse le Mirail - Toulouse II, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012TOU20043⟩. ⟨tel-00728270⟩

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