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Theses

Amorçage de fissures et gradient de contrainte en fretting et en fatigue

Abstract : This study focuses on the stress gradient effect and the friction to estimate the crack initiation condition in fatigue. The industrial application is a lug in Inconel 718 with shrink fitted rings also in Inconel 718.Fretting tests and fatigue tests are performed to measure crack initiation conditions with friction and stress gradient. The experimental results confirm the beneficial effect of the stress gradients on the fatigue crack initiation. These results justify the consideration of stress gradients to design structures against fatigue. Through these experiments which sweep over a large range of stress gradients, it is confirmed that stress gradient delays the crack initiation. The benefits and the drawbacks of several multiaxial fatigue approaches dealing with stress gradients are studied. Then, a proposal is done to describe accurately the experimental results of fatigue and of fretting. The proposal is based on a weight function and on the use of the gradient of hydrostatic pressure. This approach is very similar to some approaches already applied to other fatigue issues. This enables to highlight some similarities to deal with the effect of stress gradient in fatigue. Fatigue tests are finally performed on a lug with shrink fitted rings. The stress gradient effect on this application is too low to make relevant the use of a fatigue approach dealing with stress gradient. These experimental results are consistent with the previous results of fatigue and fretting. Therefore, the Inconel 718 appears as a low sensitive material to stress gradient. A multiaxial fatigue approach such the Crossland criterion enables to describe correctly the fatigue strength of this system. The numerical analysis shows that the fatigue strength of the system is not very sensitive to the coefficient of friction whereas the interference impacts significantly on the fatigue strength of the system.
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Rémi Amargier. Amorçage de fissures et gradient de contrainte en fretting et en fatigue. Autre. Ecole Centrale de Lyon, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011ECDL0021⟩. ⟨tel-00728236⟩

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