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Étude des pratiques d'enseignement des savoirs de l'épistémologie en classe de physique de lycée général

Abstract : This research is based on previous french and foreign works about NOS teaching and learning and on the contemporary epistemological framework. It aims to analyse NOS teaching activities in physics class of French high schools through three case studies. These teachers are chosen because of their intention to teach NOS while the programs impose nothing on the subject. The analysis bases on the study of « praxeologies » developed within the framework of the anthropological theory of didactics. Our general purpose is to describe and understand in this abstract frame NOS teachers' practices for whom the main objective remains to teach knowledges of the physics : the kind of NOS knowledge taught in class ; the kind of references that play a role in teaching NOS ; the factors underlying the choices made by the teachers in terms of NOS content and teaching methods and the role played by their views on NOS, on teaching and learning physics in high school. This study brings a new approach for the characterization of NOS teaching practices onto the exclusive base of the data of observation of the class. It also brings to light that a device of accompaniment with regard to these knowledges modifies strongly their teaching by favoring their didactic transposition and by modifying the institutional relation to knowledge to which they tend to conform.
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  • HAL Id : tel-00728016, version 1

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Lionel Pelissier. Étude des pratiques d'enseignement des savoirs de l'épistémologie en classe de physique de lycée général. Education. Université Toulouse le Mirail - Toulouse II, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011TOU20136⟩. ⟨tel-00728016⟩

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