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Topics in Early Universe Cosmology

Abstract : The study of the Early Universe raises some of the most fundamental questions in theoretical physics. This thesis explores three main aspects of early universe cosmology. The first part discusses alternatives to the Big Bang scenario which is the current paradigm of cosmology. Namely, it discusses bouncing universe models where the initial Big Bang singularity is replaced by a finite size universe. After reviewing the necessary cosmology background in the introduction, we show a specific model of a bouncing universe that contains additional "Lee-Wick fields", partners to the standard fields. In particular we prove that a Lee-Wick matter bounce is unstable when one adds radiation to matter. In the second part of this thesis, we consider particle production via parametric resonance during preheating, at the end of cosmological inflation. Specifically, we prove that in the case of a speed-limited inflaton, non-canonical kinetic terms used to described any effective Lagrangian do not enhance particle production. Finally, the last topic involves topological defects during the Quantum Chromodynamics phase transition. Namely, we study cosmic strings coming from pion fields present in the Standard Model of particle physics and find a mechanism to stabilize them. We show how a thermal bath of photons reduces the effective vacuum manifold to a circle and thus allows the presence of topologically stable pion strings.
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Contributor : Johanna Karouby Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Sunday, September 2, 2012 - 3:29:18 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, June 18, 2020 - 12:32:04 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Monday, December 3, 2012 - 2:50:09 AM


  • HAL Id : tel-00727133, version 1


Johanna Karouby. Topics in Early Universe Cosmology. High Energy Physics - Theory [hep-th]. Universite McGill, 2012. English. ⟨tel-00727133⟩



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