Le principe compétence-compétence en droit de l'arbitrage

Magali Boucaron-Nardetto 1
1 CREDECO
GREDEG - Groupe de Recherche en Droit, Economie et Gestion
Abstract : In its original sense, the principle of competence-competence empowers the arbitral tribunal, as well as any judge, to decide on its own jurisdiction. Under French law, it has been transformed into a rule on conflict of jurisdiction between state court and arbitration tribunal doubly innovative. On one hand, it rests on the coordinated exercise of the power to rule on its jurisdiction; on the other hand, it is pluralist. Activated by the appearance of an arbitration agreement, the principle of competence-competence consists of a heterogeneous mechanism, using the time of arbitration proceedings and space of both legal orders. Thereby, three distinct rules allow each justice - French courts and arbitration - to rule on its own jurisdiction coordinately. First, during or prior the arbitration proceedings, the negative effect of the competence-competence paralyses the power of the state court to rule on its own jurisdiction. Secondly, during the arbitration proceedings, the positive effect of the competence-competence of the tribunal arbitral recognizes that arbitrators decide upon their own jurisdiction. Finally, at the post-arbitral stage, the positive effect of the competence-competence of state courts permits them to recover the power to rule on their own jurisdiction at the setting aside or enforcement stage of the arbitration. Each analyzed rule has its own limits. Sometimes, the balance is disrupted either in favour of state courts, or in favour of the arbitral tribunal. To conclude, it is clear that the pluralist character of the principle of competence-competence is in some cases a reality, in others a mirage.
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Magali Boucaron-Nardetto. Le principe compétence-compétence en droit de l'arbitrage. Droit. Université Nice Sophia Antipolis, 2011. Français. ⟨tel-00727123⟩

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