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Paléoenvironnements et gestion des combustibles au Mésolithique dans le sud de la France: anthracologie, ethnoarchéologie et expérimentation.

Abstract : This study raises the question of the relationship between woody vegetation, human practices and the nature of the charcoal deposit. Adopting a palaeo- economical approach in anthracology aims at contributing to the development of more general archaeological models for the Mesolithic. According to the current theories and methods in anthracology, three approaches are conducted. The first one focuses on the anthracological study of four archaeological sites in southwestern France (Causses of the Lot and the Aveyron) dating from the early Sauveterrian to the late/final Mesolithic: the caves of Fieux and Escabasses and the rock shelters of Cuzoul de Gramat and Clos de Poujol. Globally, the Causses appear to follow specific vegetation dynamics and are characterised by a great stability of the tree cover. The second approach consists in an ethnoarchaeological survey conducted among nomadic Evenk reindeer herders of southern Siberia and sedentary athabascan communities from south-western Alaska living in boreal forest environments. Our aim was to consider human practices as potential biases occurring between the vegetation and the contents of the anthracological deposit. Like most technic subsystems, fire wood management is culturally significant. Nevertheless, strong similarities exist between the groups we have worked with. The last approach aims at characterising experimentally anatomical signatures (deformation and fusion of cell walls) that were observed on archaeological charcoals. It led principally to the creation of an alteration index that allows evaluating the initial phenological state of softwoods. Finally, we discuss the relevancy of these approaches, all of which have potentialities and limits. Their complementarity highlights the complexity of firewood management systems and of human-environment interactions during the Mesolithic.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00726927
Contributor : Auréade Henry <>
Submitted on : Friday, August 31, 2012 - 3:32:19 PM
Last modification on : Monday, October 12, 2020 - 10:27:28 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Friday, December 16, 2016 - 9:01:23 AM

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Auréade Henry. Paléoenvironnements et gestion des combustibles au Mésolithique dans le sud de la France: anthracologie, ethnoarchéologie et expérimentation.. Histoire. Université Nice Sophia Antipolis, 2011. Français. ⟨tel-00726927⟩

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