Historiographie de Paul Tannery et réceptions de son œuvre : sur l'invention du métier d'historien des sciences

Abstract : Paul Tannery (1843-1904) is today regarded by the community of historians of science, as one of it father figures. Indeed, he first gets that notoriety from the extent of his historical production, whereas he led his entire career in the Manufactures of the State. Co-editor of the Œuvres de Fermat and the Œuvres de Descartes, he is also a specialist of ancient science, notably with his three epoch-making books (Pour l'histoire de la science hellène, La Géométrie grecque, Recherches sur l'astronomie ancienne) and his edition of the Opera omnia of the mathematician Diophantus of Alexandria. In the late nineteenth century, whereas history of science is mainly studied in the margins of science, philosophy and scholarly practices, Paul Tannery claims for himself the title of historian. And thus, he calls for the autonomy of the history of science, as a particular discourse on science, with its purposes and methods. However, for a century, while he stands in good place in the pantheon of historians of science, this place has only been discussed and criticized on a particular point of his historiograhy, namely his advocacy for a general history of science. The aim of our thesis is to show how Tannery's work is involved in the invention of the craft of historian of science. Through a comprehensive reading of his work, restoring a prominent place to his scholarly work, we aim firstly to inform his historical practice, that of a polytechnician versed in the humanities, then to characterize his action for the autonomy of the history of science.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, August 29, 2012 - 11:00:53 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00726388, version 1

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François Pineau. Historiographie de Paul Tannery et réceptions de son œuvre : sur l'invention du métier d'historien des sciences. Histoire, Philosophie et Sociologie des sciences. Université de Nantes, 2010. Français. ⟨NNT : 2010NANT2076⟩. ⟨tel-00726388⟩

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