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Sources de la connaissance parentale des activités de temps libre de l’adolescent et ajustement psychosocial de l’adolescent : approches nomothétique et idiographique de dynamiques complexes

Abstract : Parental knowledge of adolescent leisure activities is widely recognized as a strong predictor of adolescent psychosocial adjustment. However, the issue of its sources remains at the heart of debates. According to some authors, parental knowledge is the result of parental monitoring efforts; for others, it is the only fruit of the adolescent willingness in information management. This thesis aims to identify the sources of parental knowledge of adolescent leisure activities and the determinants of adolescent psychosocial adjustment, and to examine the bidirectional influences betweenmother and adolescent conceived as a dynamic system. During 30 weeks on a weekly basis, 21 participants (mean age 16.6 years at the beginning of our longitudinal follow-up study) were invited to fill a short online questionnaire that assessed their perception of change regarding maternal knowledge, maternal monitoring practices (i.e., solicitation, control andfreedom), adolescent management of information (i.e., self-disclosure and secrecy), quality of the mother-adolescent relationship and adolescent psychosocial adjustment (i.e., internalized and externalized). Data from this intensive measurement design were analyzed both at a nomothetic (i.e., linear mixed models across the group of subjects) and anidiographic level (i.e., vector autoregressive models across each motheradolescent system), in both cases by focusing on the study of dynamic effects (influence of the state of the system at time t- 1 on the state of the system at time t ).Our results show that parental knowledge depends on both the self-disclosure of adolescent and maternal solicitation. The quality of the relationship also plays a key role, including as a moderator variable of the sources of parental knowledge. In terms of psychosocial adjustment of adolescents, our results indicate that parental monitoring practices can not be considered as favorable or deleterious in itself. Instead, parenting practices and information management by adolescenthave different effects depending on the context in which they take place. Finally, in an idiographic approach, we show that the reciprocal influences within the motheradolescent dynamic system are positive feedback processes
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Submitted on : Monday, August 27, 2012 - 6:05:59 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00725802, version 1

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Cyrille Perchec. Sources de la connaissance parentale des activités de temps libre de l’adolescent et ajustement psychosocial de l’adolescent : approches nomothétique et idiographique de dynamiques complexes. Psychologie. Université Rennes 2, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012REN20020⟩. ⟨tel-00725802⟩

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