Le féminin dans les paysages pré-chrétiens irlandais

François-Joseph Onda 1
1 CRBC Rennes - Centre de recherche bretonne et celtique
UR2 - Université de Rennes 2 : EA 4451, CRBC - Centre de recherche bretonne et celtique
Abstract : This study deals with the peoples who settled in Ireland before the coming of Chris-tianity (around the 5th century C.E.), and more precisely with both the builders of pas-sage tombs dating from the Neolithic period and the Celts. The analysis revolves around the omnipresence of a symbolical feminine element in pre-Christian landscapes (be they natural, megalithic or literary) and takes into account the matrifocal nature of these ancient communities, assessing its impact on Celtic societies and rituals. A specific apprehension of the natural features and its symbolic repre-sentation will be examined here. The latter is expressed by the Neolithic peoples through feminine sexual attributes they deliberately added to natural places or through the promi-nent sites they built (such as Brú na Bóinne or Loughcrew). It will also be shown that such a feminine perception of the Irish land-scape was taken up by the Celts, who created myths involving transfunctional or euhemer-ised goddess figures. Bringing together the creations of these two peoples separated by several millennia (from 3,500 B.C.E. to 700 C.E.) aims at showing that they shared a similar feminine vision of Ireland. To do so, several fields will be considered. Confronting archaeo-mythological documents will highlight actual chronological consistency in representation. This is linked to the continental Celts’ assim-ilation of the indigenous cultural heritage. We believe that the blending of these two cultures led to a unique insular Celtic identity which is deeply rooted in the land of Éire.
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François-Joseph Onda. Le féminin dans les paysages pré-chrétiens irlandais. Archéologie et Préhistoire. Université Rennes 2, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012REN20021⟩. ⟨tel-00725801⟩

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