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Evaluation de la dose déposée par des faisceaux d'électrons en radiothérapie dans des fantômes voxelisés en utilisant la plateforme de simulation Monte Carlo GATE fondée sur GEANT4 dans un environnement de grille

Abstract : Radiation therapy treatment planning requires accurate determination of absorbed dose in the patient. Monte Carlo simulation is the most accurate method for solving the transport problem of particles in matter. This thesis is the first study dealing with the validation of the Monte Carlo simulation plateform GATE (GEANT4 Application for Tomographic Emission), based on GEANT4 (GEometry And Tracking) libraries, for the computation of absorbed dose deposited by electron beams. This thesis aims at demonstrating that GATE/GEANT4 calculations are able to reach treatment planning requirements in situations where analatycal algorithms are not satisfactory. The goal is to prove that GATE/GEANT4 is useful for treatment planning using electrons and competes with well validated Monte Carlo codes. This is demonstrated by the simulations with GATE/GEANT4 of realistic electron beams and electron sources used for external radiation therapy or targeted radiation therapy. The computed absorbed dose distributions are in agreement with experimental measurements and/or calculations from other Monte Carlo codes. Furthermore, guidelines are proposed to fix the physics parameters of the GATE/GEANT4 simulations in order to ensure the accuracy of absorbed dose calculations according to radiation therapy requirements.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00721940
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Submitted on : Friday, February 15, 2013 - 11:07:12 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00721940, version 2

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Yann Perrot. Evaluation de la dose déposée par des faisceaux d'électrons en radiothérapie dans des fantômes voxelisés en utilisant la plateforme de simulation Monte Carlo GATE fondée sur GEANT4 dans un environnement de grille. Autre [cond-mat.other]. Université Blaise Pascal - Clermont-Ferrand II, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011CLF22188⟩. ⟨tel-00721940v2⟩

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