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Faune et saisonnalité : L'organisation temporelle des activités de subsistance dans l'Epipaléolithique et le Néolithique précéramique du Levant nord (Syrie)

Abstract : This research is devoted to the cycles and modes of animal exploitation during the Neolithisation in northern Syria between 11th and the 7th millennia. Its objective is to explain through the study of seasonal markers the annual organisation of subsistence, on the one hand for the first farmers in the Euphrates valley and on the other the first pasturalists of occupy the Syrian desert. Firstly the methodological tools have been designed from bone remains of the fauna to identify seasonal indicators. The methods are based for the mammals on the development and wear of teeth and on cement growth; for the birds their phenological status. Then follows the application of these methods to the archaeological assemblages as well as the archaeozoological approach which established a calendar for the cultural phases of each site. Between the final Natufian and the beginning of the early PPNB, the results show an scheduling of communal big game hunting during the end of the spring and the autumn/winter which articulates perfectly with the agricultural calendar. This planning of subsistence activities guaranteed, with the storage of cereals, a sedentary life style in the Euphrates valley. In the Syrian desert, two adaptive strategies to the climatic constraints coexisted in the late PPNB. The economy of the sedentary farmers of El Kowm relied on a well defined stable calendar. On the other hand the nomadic pastoralists inhabited Qdeir during the spring and in the autumn depending on the availability of the pastures.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00721868
Contributor : Lionel Gourichon Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Monday, July 30, 2012 - 6:16:37 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, August 4, 2022 - 5:06:26 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Friday, December 16, 2016 - 4:09:34 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-00721868, version 1

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Lionel Gourichon. Faune et saisonnalité : L'organisation temporelle des activités de subsistance dans l'Epipaléolithique et le Néolithique précéramique du Levant nord (Syrie). Archéologie et Préhistoire. Université Lumière - Lyon II, 2004. Français. ⟨NNT : ⟩. ⟨tel-00721868⟩

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