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Homogénéisation et optimisation topologique de panneaux architecturés

Abstract : The "material by design" strategy consists in tailoring architectured materials in order to fulfill multi-functional specifications. This PhD study focuses more specifically on designing architectured panels in regards with mechanical compliances (bending and transverse shear), as well as thermal conductivity. Recent advances on periodic homogenization of plates are integrated into a finite elements tool that enables to identify the Reissner-Mindlin effective compliance from the unit cell geometry. The comparison with four-point bending tests illustrates a discussion on the shear loading for homogenization, and its contribution to the global bending stiffness. In a context of architectured steel solutions for automotive, a parametric study is treated on "embossed" steel sheets using this homogenization tool. As a try to enlarge the space of available "architectures", a topological optimization algorithm (using the level-set method) is coupled to the homogenization procedure. The influence of each parameters of the method are studied on the optimization problem of compromising flexural and shear compliances. Finally, the industrial case of an insulation sandwich panel is treated. Few optimized geometries, with a high combination of shear stiffness and thermal insulation, are built, produced and tested. An improved design is highlighted and proposed as next version of this product.
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Laurent Laszczyk. Homogénéisation et optimisation topologique de panneaux architecturés. Autre. Université de Grenoble, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011GRENI088⟩. ⟨tel-00721807⟩

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