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Etude de l'Influence de la vapeur d'eau sur l'oxydation à haute température d'un alliage chromino-formeur à base de nickel

Abstract : This work is a part of a research project which has for essential objective the study of water vapor influence in high temperature oxidation for a chromia forming nickel base alloy. Alloy studied for this study is the SY 625. Originality of this study is based on an experimental assembly use, create in the laboratory. This assembly called “water vapor assembly” is used for realized SY 625 high temperature oxidation (900-1100°C) in presence of water vapor (7,5 and 33 vol. % water vapor) with various carriers gas (oxygen, air, argon and nitrogen) in isothermal and cyclic conditions. The kinetic results obtained under air, do not show considerable differences that the oxidation is realized in dry or wet conditions (with the various water vapor rate). The results do not show breakaway for the oxidation durations going to 48 hours. This is attributed to the fact that there is no formation of oxides iron knowing that the alloy contains only 0,23 mass % of iron. The XRD results show the formation of the same phases which is the carrier gas used (in dry or wet atmosphere). At 900 and 1000°C, the Cr2O3oxide is detected with two intermetallic compounds : Ni3Mo and NbNi4. On the other hand at 1100°C, the oxide Cr2O3 is always present but the intermetallic compounds are oxidized to give a mixed oxide CrNbO4. The oxidation of the molybdenum above 1000°C leads to the formation of MoO3 which is a volatile oxide. The morphological analyses, showed the presence of more plastic chromia layers with a distributed porosity on all the thickness of the layer for the test realized in water vapor presence. The oxide layers are then more adherents. This was confirmed by oxidation test in cyclic conditions, which showed in particular at 1100°C, a better mechanical behavior of oxide layer in water vapor presence. The oxidation tests with gold marker experiments are also showed a mixed oxidation mechanism for the oxidations realized in rich oxygen atmospheres under dry or wet atmosphere. On the other hand, gold marker experiments showed the presence of a internal oxidation mechanism for poor oxygen atmospheres, with oxides layers showing a perfect adhesion. The fact of adding water vapor to these poor oxygen atmospheres, lead to the reappearance of a mixed diffusion mechanism.
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Submitted on : Thursday, July 26, 2012 - 1:52:13 PM
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Raphaël Rolland. Etude de l'Influence de la vapeur d'eau sur l'oxydation à haute température d'un alliage chromino-formeur à base de nickel. Autre. Université Blaise Pascal - Clermont-Ferrand II, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012CLF22228⟩. ⟨tel-00721006⟩



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