Modélisation et approche thermodynamique pour la commande des réacteurs chimiques catalytiques triphasiques continus et discontinus

Abstract : The goal of this thesis is the modeling and thermodynamic based control of three-phase catalytic reactor working in continuous or discontinuous modes. These types of reactors are highly nonlinear, multivariable and exothermal processes. We use the concepts of irreversible thermodynamics for the synthesis of stabilizing control laws for these two types of chemical reactors. Indeed, the strict concavity of the entropy function has allowed us to define a storage function used as a candidate Lyapunov function: the availability function. We use this availability function for the synthesis of control laws for stabilizing a three-phase catalytic continuous intensified mini-reactor. A control strategy with two layers (optimization and control) is used to control the temperature and concentration of the product at the outlet of the reactor in the presence of disturbances. The performances of the controller are compared by simulation to those of a PI controller. In some cases, the use of the availability function may cause some problems. A new Lyapunov candidate function is then derived from the original availability function: the thermal availability. We use this thermal availability for the synthesis of stabilizing control laws for a three-phase catalytic fed-batch reactor. A high gain observer is used to estimate the chemical reaction rate from the measurements of the temperature. This estimate is then used for the control law implementation. The robustness of the control scheme is tested in simulation against modelling uncertainties, disturbances and noise measurements.
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Sami Bahroun. Modélisation et approche thermodynamique pour la commande des réacteurs chimiques catalytiques triphasiques continus et discontinus. Autre. Université Claude Bernard - Lyon I, 2010. Français. ⟨NNT : 2010LYO10248⟩. ⟨tel-00720906⟩

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