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Point de vue ontologique de fonds documentaires territorialisés indexés

Abstract : Within libraries and media centers, an important feature of documents available in such centers is that they contain abundant references to history, geography, Heritage, in fact the territory. It is essential for these centers to develop these territorial speci cities to answer objectives of information and education. In this context, we make the hypothesis that by using a geographical point of view to model a set of resources terminology used to index a documentary, it is possible to bring out a representation of the territory which is implicitly described. Concerning the modeling of knowledge in geomatics , many research works propose a methodology in order to build a geographic structured semantic representation of target domains. However, it seems that there is no approach proposing to build a representation of a territory from a corpus and descriptives notices. We propose a complete methodology for building an ontology of a territory, on the basis of a document collection indexed by experts. We position our work in extracting and structuring knowledge that we apply to the eld of geomatics including techniques from NLP. We mean by territory a set of places that we can relate on a set of topics based on a period. Thus, we present an original complement based on the indexing work done by experts librarians on a documentary to bring out an ontology of a territory implicitly described in the documents. An important contribution of our work is to enrich step by step the representation of territory. We propose an automated linguistic processing that allows to mark in text documents a set of spatial, temporal and thematic information which serves as the basis for the representation of a ontology. Perspective to this work is to validate our approach on several corpus of various origins. The interest will be to propose a method, based on representations of territories obtained, would identify and represent the characteristics of each documentary.
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Contributor : Eric Kergosien <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, July 24, 2012 - 3:13:39 PM
Last modification on : Friday, January 15, 2021 - 9:24:06 AM
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Eric Kergosien. Point de vue ontologique de fonds documentaires territorialisés indexés. Recherche d'information [cs.IR]. Université de Pau et des Pays de l'Adour, 2011. Français. ⟨tel-00720439⟩

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