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Étude structurale et fonctionnelle de tyrosine-kinases bactériennes

Abstract : A new class of bacterial enzymes, named BY-kinases, has been shown to catalyze protein-tyrosine phosphorylation. These enzymes share no structural and functional similarities with their eukaryotic counterparts. Evidence of their involvement in extracellular polysaccharide biosynthesis has been provided, but their accurate functions and their catalytic mechanism remain largely unknown.First, we characterized the physiological role of tyrosine phosphorylation of Ugd, a UDP-glucose dehydrogenase, by the BY-kinases Wzc and Etk of E. coli. We demonstrated that Ugd phosphorylation by Wzc or Etk occurs on the same site and increases its activity. We also established that Wzc-mediated phosphorylation of Ugd participates in the regulation of colanic acid production whereas Ugd phosphorylation by Etk influences resistance to polymyxin.In addition, we performed a structure-function analysis of the cytoplasmic domain of two BY-kinases, namely CapA1/CapB2 from S. aureus and Wzc from E. coli. We showed that these two proteins associate in a ring-shaped octamer in which the motif EX2RX2R plays a crucial role. In addition, we showed that BY-kinases autophosphorylate using an intermolecular mechanism. We also identified the activation mechanism of BY-kinases and we revealed the role of a particular domain, found specifically in BY-kinases from proteobacteria, in Wzc autophosphorylation and colanic acid biosynthesis.Structural and functional characterization of BY-kinases represents an original and promising approach in order to develop new molecules inhibiting specifically these enzymes and to affect the virulence of bacterial pathogens.
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Emmanuelle Bechet. Étude structurale et fonctionnelle de tyrosine-kinases bactériennes. Sciences agricoles. Université Claude Bernard - Lyon I, 2010. Français. ⟨NNT : 2010LYO10163⟩. ⟨tel-00720223⟩

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