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Algèbres de Hopf d'arbres et structures pré-Lie

Abstract : We investigate in this thesis the Hopf algebra structure on the vector space H spanned by the rooted forests, associated with the pre-Lie operad. The space of primitive elements of the graded dual of this Hopf algebra is endowed with a left pre-Lie product denoted by ⊲, defined in terms of insertion of a tree inside another. In this thesis we retrieve the “derivation” relation between the pre-Lie structure ⊲ and the left pre-Lie product → on the space of primitive elements of the graded dual H0CK of the Connes-Kreimer Hopf algebra HCK, defined by grafting. We also exhibit a coproduct on the tensor product H⊗HCK, making it a Hopf algebra the graded dual of which is isomorphic to the enveloping algebra of the semidirect product of the two (pre-)Lie algebras considered. We prove that the span of the rooted trees with at least one edge endowed with the pre-Lie product ⊲ is generated by two elements. It is not free : we exhibit two families of relations. Moreover we prove a similar result for the pre-Lie algebra associated with the NAP operad. Finally, we introduce current preserving operads and prove that the pre-Lie operad can be obtained as a deformation of the NAP operad in this framework.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, July 24, 2012 - 9:12:10 AM
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Abdellatif Saïdi. Algèbres de Hopf d'arbres et structures pré-Lie. Mathématiques générales [math.GM]. Université Blaise Pascal - Clermont-Ferrand II, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011CLF22208⟩. ⟨tel-00720201⟩



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