Capital social, école et entreprises sur le marché du travail

Abstract : This work is based on Granovetter's perspective of embeddedness on labor market. In the domain of vocational and professional training, teachers have the opportunity to develop -or not- ties with people working in companies. They can be for example managers, engineers, technicians... teaching more or less often in their own specific training program or welcoming students on internships. In such cases, social relations developed by teachers and all the school's actors generate social capital usable by students. First, we can identify this form of social capital from a tri-levels point of view : individual, institutional and organizational. Second, its role is to articulate a part of the training system with work organizations, thereby facilitating school to job transition for students when they are looking for their first job. This fonction is defined as a " bridge set " in the transition from school to job, and is similar to a social niche inside wich students, employers and teachers organize their cooperation. We use results from an empirical study we conducted in 1995, based on five specific training programs specializing in management of cultural activities and organizations, similar to MBA's. Our analysis utilizes interviews with the managers of these specific training programs and a longitudinal survey observing the entry career of 265 students just after leaving them.
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Marc Lecoutre. Capital social, école et entreprises sur le marché du travail. Sociologie. Université René Descartes - Paris V, 2003. Français. ⟨tel-00719714⟩

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