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Etude de deux chimiokines CXCL12/SDF-1 et fractalkine (FKN)/CX3CL1 dans le cancer épithélial des ovaires

Abstract : Little is known about the molecules that contribute to tumor growth ofepithelial ovarian carcinomas (EOC) that remains the most lethal gynecologicalneoplasm in women.The two chemokines CXCL12/SDF-1 and fractalkine (FKN)/CX3CL1 havebeen widely studied in tumorigenesis. In epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC), SDF-1enhances tumor angiogenesis and contributes to the immunosuppressivenetwork. SDF-1 also acts on tumor cell proliferation and survival and, throughits main receptor CXCR4, governs the migration of malignant cells and theirinvasion of the peritoneum. The chemokine FKN has been documented inepithelial tissues and in various cancers. FKN have paradoxical effects intumors: anti-tumoral effect in some tumor entities and pro-tumoral effect inother tumor entities.In our study, we demonstrated the expression of SDF-1 and FKN on thesurface epithelium of normal ovaries and benign and malignant tumors,suggesting that the expression of these chemokines preexists to tumorigenesis.We also demonstrated an heterogeneous expression of both chemokines in EOC.In our large and homogeneous cohort (183 specimens of EOC), SDF-1expression levels had no effect on overall survival or progression-free survival.Thus, SDF-1 expression by tumor epithelial cells is not in itself a valuableprognostic factor in patients with advanced EOC. FKN immunostaining scores(in 54 specimens of EOC) correlated positively with the two proliferationmarkers : Ki-67 and GILZ. In vitro, we demonstrated that GILZ increases theexpression of FKN and that FKN itself increased proliferation. This studycontributes in elucidating the role of the two chemokines SDF-1 and FKN inEOC.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, July 17, 2012 - 4:24:13 PM
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Salam Nasreddine. Etude de deux chimiokines CXCL12/SDF-1 et fractalkine (FKN)/CX3CL1 dans le cancer épithélial des ovaires. Médecine humaine et pathologie. Université Paris Sud - Paris XI, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011PA11T019⟩. ⟨tel-00718600⟩

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