Etude de la fatigue des aciers laminés à partir de l'auto-échauffement sous sollicitation cyclique : essais, observations, modélisation et influence d'une pré-déformation plastique

Abstract : The determination of high cycle fatigue properties of high strength steel sheets for automotive industry is time and specimens consuming : 25 specimens and almost one month are required to obtain a traditional fatigue SN curve. In order to reduce the time dedicated to the fatigue characterization, a fast method, based on the self-heating of steels under cyclic loading is developed and applied to a wide range of grades. Self-heating measurements show the presence of two distinct dissipative regimes, a firstone for the low amplitudes of cyclic loading and a secondary one for the highest. A two scales probabilistic model is then developed in order to establish a dialogue between self-heating measurements and the fatigue properties. It is composed by a matrix having an elasto-plastic behaviorand a population of inclusions having a second elasto-plastic behavior with a random activation threshold. Both self-heating regimes can be perfectly described. By using the weakest link theory and an energetic criterion, a prediction of fatigue properties is made. Only three days are required to obtain acomplete fatigue curve. The pertinence of the approach is validated by a comparison with standard fatigue curves. Then, observations with optical microscopy, atomic force microscopy and EBSD are made on a high strength low alloyed steel grade. This study has two objectives: a better understanding of phenomenon occurring during cyclic loading leading to the two self-heating regimes; a justification of the ingredients introduced into the model. In a second important section, it deals with the influence of aplastic pre-strain on the fatigue properties evolution. Indeed, automotive components obtained from high strength steel sheets are subjected to primary forming operations, inducing plastic strain. These modifications lead to fatigue properties evolutions that are nevertheless not taken into account intraditional fatigue design of components (not determined with the standard method because ofprohibitive time). The speed of the proposed approach authorizes to characterize these evolutions. From the modifications of the self-heating properties after different modes of plastic pre-strain (tension, planetension, shearing) and by studying different directions of loading, it is possible to predict the fatigue properties evolutions for a wide range of plastic strain. The quality of the predictions is validated by acomparison with standard fatigue curves.
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Rémi Munier. Etude de la fatigue des aciers laminés à partir de l'auto-échauffement sous sollicitation cyclique : essais, observations, modélisation et influence d'une pré-déformation plastique. Mécanique des matériaux [physics.class-ph]. Université de Bretagne occidentale - Brest, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012BRES0087⟩. ⟨tel-00717932v2⟩

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