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Patrimoine architectural, urbain, aménagement et tourisme : ville Hôi An – Viêt Nam

Abstract : They all built and developed their own city with their ways. This was based not only on their materials need but also, and especially on their beliefs of a human living space impregnated by the presence of spirits (supernatural forces, ancestors, Gods and spirits). Its small size (of a few square kilometers) makes the town as a condensation of history and cultural diversity. However, the city landscape (face) had been mostly unchanged during the whole 20th century as Hoi An was not selected neither by French colonial administration nor by Vietnamese government to become a commercial or industrial port. Therefore, Hoi An was classified by UNESCO as a "world heritage" in 1999. Since the town has attracted more and more visitors; after the exit of the planned economy of Vietnam, it became an international tourism destination. The development of tourism has promoted this unique heritage but the old city also exposures to potential risks due to its rapid but poor quality infrastructures development and planning. Recently, the city authorities have highlighted the need of sustainable development toward an ecological city. This need was appeared and increased during the implementation of conservation plan of the Cham Island nominated as natural heritage, and of the estuary with a very fragile biotope. The issues related to tourism and heritage become the issues of the linkages and contradiction existing between tourism - heritage – ecology; the ecological approach can ensure a development that enables the protection of both rural and urban heritage and at the same time the development of tourism, an essential sector of local economy ?
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Thi Bao Chau Huynh. Patrimoine architectural, urbain, aménagement et tourisme : ville Hôi An – Viêt Nam. Géographie. Université Toulouse le Mirail - Toulouse II, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011TOU20062⟩. ⟨tel-00717654⟩

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