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Modélisation 0D/1D de la combustion diesel : du mode conventionnel au mode homogène

Abstract : The present thesis focuses on the 0D/1D Diesel combustion modeling of recent engines. The goal is to improve models accuracy while minimizing computation times in order to use simulation as a tool for engine pre-mapping. In the first part, a 0D model designed as a system simulation-oriented tool is proposed. The main contribution of this study is the modeling of the premixed part of the Diesel combustion. This model allows a detailed modeling of highly diluted combustion and combustion related to early injections. A new approach to quantify interactions between each spray in the case of multi injection strategies is also proposed. After calibration using a very small number of engine tests, results for the global combustion chamber model are compared with experimental measurements for the overall engine operating conditions. The second part of this work deals with the 1D Diesel combustion modeling. A Diesel spray model is at first developed and validated on experimental measurements. This model is then extended to reaction conditions using the coupling with a combustion model. The combustion model makes use of tabulated local reaction rates of fuel and is based on the Eddy Break-Up approach to describe the reaction rate related to the turbulent mixing process. The next step is the integration of the burning spray model into a Diesel engine combustion chamber model. A first validation using experimental results for a recent Diesel engine is done.
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Nicolas Bordet. Modélisation 0D/1D de la combustion diesel : du mode conventionnel au mode homogène. Autre. Université d'Orléans, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011ORLE2070⟩. ⟨tel-00717396⟩

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