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Réalisation de filtres RF à base de cristaux phononiques

Abstract : In the straight line of photonic and microwave meta-materials, phononic crystals are foreseen to enable novel acoustic applications that existing technologies cannot reach. These phononic crystals are periodic organisation of acoustically different materials exhibiting, for example, qtop bands, which means frequency ranges in which no wave can propagate in the structure. In this thesis we target RF frequencies in order to investigate applications complementary to the conventional resonators or filters widely used in mobile telecommunication systems. We developed a simple process flow to realise micrometric two-dimensional phononic crystals on a piezoelectric membrane. These structures are fabricated along with Lamb wave devices studied in CEA-LETI for channel filtering in low consumption wireless transmission architectures, and with bulk wave resonators or more complex structures like band-pass filters. A parametric study of Lamb wave resonators sharpens our knowledge on these devices, which allow us to design and fabricate delay lines to characterise acoustic transmission properties of phononic crystals. From a theoretical point of view we set up a simulation model using finite element method. This model was used to design the phononic crystal we realised, and to take into account the effects of the modifications brought by the technological realisation. We then fabricated phononic crystals, and electrically and optically characterised them, in collaboration with FEMTO-ST institute. Measurements confirmed the presence of band gaps at the targeted frequency, but over a wider frequency range than predicted by calculation. A detailed study of band diagrams is attributing this phenomenon to the presence of deaf bands, which cannot be excited by interdigitated fingers. This shows that the determination of these deaf bands is of critical importance in designing phononic crystals for practical applications.
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Marie Gorisse. Réalisation de filtres RF à base de cristaux phononiques. Autre. Université de Grenoble, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011GRENT102⟩. ⟨tel-00716818⟩

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