Inégalités de genre et inégalités sociales dans les usages de drogues en France

Abstract : Licit and illicit drug consumptions are strong contributors to the social inequalities in health, but they are also unevenly distributed among men and women. Using general population and adolescent surveys, this work shows that the differences between men and women in alcohol, tobacco, cannabis and other illicit drugs vary according to the social position, age and birth cohort, occupational and school status as well as according to working conditions. Among adolescents, the variation of the differences between boys and girls with the family socio-economic status are rather low, but the affluence of the family is a key factor for experimenting alcohol and drugs whereas it lowers the risk of transition to frequent and problematic drug use. These results show that the differences in drug use between men and women are gender differences, socially constructed and linked with the system of social inequalities; they also point out some key determinants of the drug use trajectories.
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Stéphane Legleye. Inégalités de genre et inégalités sociales dans les usages de drogues en France. Médecine humaine et pathologie. Université Paris Sud - Paris XI, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011PA11T084⟩. ⟨tel-00716697⟩

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